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English-Pali Dictionary

» English-Pali Dictionary
28/04/2010 01:54 (GMT+7)
Kích cỡ chữ:  Giảm Tăng

- O -

o : (intj.) he; bho; ambho; (joy and surprise) aho; handa; (sorrow) hā; ahaha.

oaf : (m.) virūpadāraka.

oafish : (adj.) mandapañña; dandha.

oak : (m.) sindūrarukkha.

oar : (f.) nāvāpājanī. (m.) keṇipāta. (v.t.) arittena pājeti. (pp.) keṇipājita.

oarsman : (m.) arittadhārī.

oasis : (f.) kantāra-khemabhūmi.

oat : (m.) dhaññavisesa.

oath : (m.) sapatha. (nt.) abhisapana.

obduracy : (nt.) dubbacatta; anassavatta.

obdurate : (adj.) dubbaca; anassava; kaṭhinahadaya.

obdurately : (adv.) dubbacākārena.

obedience : (nt.) sovacassa; subbacatta. (f.) sussūsā.

obedient : (adj.) assava; subbaca; vidheyya; vacanakara.

obediently : (adv.) suvacatāya; assavākārena.

obeisance : (m.) paṇāma; namakkāra. (f.) abhivādanā.

obelisk : (m.) sūcisaṇṭhānathambha.

obelize : (v.t.) sūcitthambhena aṅketi. (pp.) sūcitthambhena aṅkita.

obese : (adj.) pīṇa; pīvara; thūla.

obey : (v.t.i.) anuvattati; sussūsati. (pp.) anuvattita.

obfuscate : (v.t.) andhayati; moheti; timirāvutaṃ karoti. (pp.) andhita; mohita; timirāvutaṃ kata.

obfuscation : (nt.) andhīkaraṇa.

obit : (m.) maraṇānussaraṇussava.

obituary : (nt.) maraṇanivedana; matakicca.

object : (nt.) vatthu; gocaravatthu. (m.) visaya; gocara; attha; adhippāya; manoratha. (nt.) phala; (in gram, nt.) kamma. (m.) upayogattha. (v.t.) bādheti; khaṇḍeti. (pp.) bādhita; khaṇḍita. (v.i.) virujjhati. (pp.) viruddha.

objectify : (v.t.) visayabhāvaṃ or indriyagocarattaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) visayabhāvaṃ or indriyagocarattaṃ pāpita.

objection : (m.) virodha.

objectionable : (adj.) nisedhetabba; vajjanīya; virodhāraha; sāvajja.

objective : (adj.) kammavācaka; bāhira; padatthanissita.

objectively : (adv.) bāhirākārena.

objectiveness : (nt.) bāhiratta.

objuration : (nt.) sapathakaraṇa.

objurgate : (v.t.) nindati; paribhavati; tajjeti. (pp.) nindita; paribhūta; tajjita.

objurgation : (nt.) tajjana; paribhāsana.

objurgatory : (adj.) tajjakasabhāva.

oblate : (m.) samayānuvattī; saddhapuggala. (adj.) koṇa-samatalākāra.

oblation : (nt.) homa; havya; balikamma.

obligation : (f.) yuttibaddhatā.

obligatory : (adj.) āvassaka; aparihāriya.

oblige : (v.t.) vase vatteti; anuggaṇhāti; niyojeti. (pp.) vase vattita; anuggahita; niyojita.

obligee : (m.) anugahita; paṭiññāgāhī.

obligingly : (adv.) kataññutāpubbaṅgamaṃ.

obligor : (m.) paṭiññādāyī.

oblique : (adj.) passaninna; anuju; visama; vaṅka.

obliquely : (adv.) visamaṃ; tiro.

obliqueness : (nt.) kuṭilatta; visamatta.

obliquity : (nt.) kuṭilatta; visamatta.

obliterate : (v.t.) lopeti; aprmajjati. (pp.) lutta; apamaṭṭha.

obliteration : (m.) lopa. (nt.) apamajjana.

oblivion : (nt.) vissaraṇa. (m.) satisammosa.

oblivious : (adj.) pamussanasīla.

oblong : (adj.) āyatacaturassa.

obloquy : (f.) garahā. (m.) apavāda.

obmutescence : (m.) acala-tuṇhībhāva.

obnoxious : (adj.) kucchita; gārayha; nindiya.

obnoxiously : (adv.) kucchitākārena.

obnoxiousness : (nt.) nindiyatta.

obscene : (adj.) gamma; nīca; anariya; asabbha.

obscene language : (nt.) duṭṭhulla.

obscenely : (adv.) asabbhākārena.

obsceneness : (nt.) gammatta.

obscurant : (m.) vivecanavirodhī; avīmaṃsākāmī.

obscurantism : (nt.) avivecakatta. (m.) vīmaṃsāvirodha.

obscuration : (nt.) āvaraṇa; malinīkaraṇa.

obscure : (nt.) apākaṭavatthu. (adj.) apākaṭa; anuttāna; malina; nippabha; dubbodha; gūḷhattha. (v.t.) āvarati; chādeti; avisadīkaroti. (pp.) āvaṭa; chādita or chnna. avisadīkata.

obscure passage : (nt.) gaṇṭhiṭṭhāna.

obscurely : (adv.) gūḷhaṃ; apākaṭaṃ.

obscureness : (nt.) apākaṭatta; avisadatta; gūḷhatta.

obscurity : (nt.) apākaṭatta; avisadatta; gūḷhatta.

obsecration : (f.) balavāyācanā.

obsequial : (adj.) matakiccāyatta.

obsequies : (nt.) petakicca.

obsequious : (adj.) atidīna; accantavasānuvattī.

obsequiously : (adv.) atidīnatāya; cāṭukamyatāya.

obsequiousness : (nt.) accantānuvattana.

observable : (adj.) diṭṭhigocara; paṭipajjitabba.

observance : (nt.) rakkhaṇa; ācaraṇa. (f.) paṭipatti.

observant : (m.) nirikkhaka; sāvadhāna; saṃrakkhaka.

observation : (nt.) avekkhaṇa; vacana; vākya.

observatory : (nt.) ākāsavatthuparikkhaṇaṭṭhāna.

observe : (v.t.) passati; oloketi; rakkhati; ācarati; paṭipajjati; vadati. (pp.) diṭṭha; olokita; ācarita; paṭipanna; vutta.

observe a fast : uposatham upavasati.

observe silence : monam ācarati.

observer : (m.) anupassī; rakkhitu.

observingly : (adv.) appamattākāren; samekkhāya.

obsess : (v.t.) pīḷeti; āvisati. (pp.) pīḷita; āviṭṭha.

obsesses : (nt.) pīṇatta; thūlatta.

obsession : (nt.) pīḷana; āvisana. (m.) amanussagāha.

obsolescent : (adj.) abhāvagāmī; gatabbaya.

obsolete : (adj.) gatavohāra; appacāriyamāna.

obsoleteness : (nt.) gatavohāratta. (m.) appacāra.

obstacle : (m.) paripantha; palibodha. (f.) bādhā. (nt.) nīvaraṇa.

obstetric : (adj.) pasūtivisayaka. (plu.; f.) pasūtivijjā.

obstetrician : (f.) pasūtisādhikā.

obstinacy : (nt.) dovacassa; anassavatta.

obstinate : (adj.) dubbaca; anassava; dubbinīta.

obstinately : (adv.) dubbacākārena.

obstipation : (m.) adhika-malabandha.

obstreperous : (adj.) duniggayha; ugghosansīla.

obstreperously : (adv.) saghosaṃ; uccāsaddhena.

obstreperousness : (nt.) mukharatta; uddāmatta.

obstruct : (v.t.) bādheti; vāreti; rodheti; nivāreti; āvarati; (pp.) bādhita; vārita; rodhita; āvaṭa.

obstructing : (adj.) bādhaka; nivāraka.

obstruction : (nt.) bādhana; vāraṇa; rundhana.

obstructionist : (m.) bādhākara; antarāyakārī.

obstructive : (adj.) bādhaka; pīḷaka; pāripanthika.

obstructively : (adv.) bādhakākārena.

obstructiveness : (nt.) bādhakākārena.

obtain : (v.t.) labhati; adhigacchati; pappoti. (pp.) laddha; adigata; patta || difficult to obtain: (adj.) dullabha.

obtainable : (adj.) laddhabba; adhigamanīya.

obtainment : (m.) paṭilābha; adhigama.

obtest : (v.t.) virodhaṃ pakāseti; sakkhiṃ avheti. (pp.) pakāsitavirodha; avhitasakkhī.

obtestion : (f.) āyācanā.

obtrude : (v.i.) balena pavisati. (v.i.) ayācito anusāsati. (pp.) palena paviṭṭha; ayācito anusiṭṭha.

obtruncate : (v.t.) matthakaṃ chindati. (pp.) chinnamatthaka.

obtrusion : (m.) anāhūtappavesa.

obtrusive : (adj.) balena pavisanalīla.

obtrusively : (adv.) āyācanaṃ vinā.

obtund : (v.t.) kuṇṭheti; balaṃ hāpeti. (pp.) kuṇṭita; hāpitabala.

obturate : (v.t.) chiddaṃ pidahati. (pp.) pihitachindda.

obturation : (nt.) chiddapidahana.

obtuse : (adj.) jaḷa; mūḷha; kuṇṭha; atikhiṇa.

obtusely : (adv.) kuṇṭhākārena.

obtuseness : (nt.) kuṇṭhatta.

obverse : (nt.) mukhapassa; abhimukha. (m.) viruddhapakkha. (adj.) itarapassika; paṭilomika.

obvert : (v.t.) abhimukhīkaroti. (pp.) abhimukhīkata.

obviate : (v.t.) apaneti; apaharati; abhibhavati. (pp.) apanīta; apahaṭa; abhibhūta.

obviation : (nt.) apaharaṇa.

obvious : (adj.) pākaṭa; vyatta; suvisada; sugama.

obviously : (adv.) supākaṭaṃ; suvisadaṃ.

obviousness : (nt.) pākaṭatta; sugamatta.

occasion : (f.) avatthā. (m.) samaya; avasara; vāra. (v.t.) samuṭṭhāpeti; janeti. (pp.) samuṭṭhāpita; janita.

occasional : (adj.) pāsaṅhika; āgantuka; aniyata.

occasionally : (adv.) antarantarā; kālena kālaṃ.

occasioning : (adj.) samuṭṭhāpaka.

occident : (m.) pacchimadesa.

occidental : (adj.) pacchimadesīya; apānīna.

occidentalize : (v.t.) apācīnattaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) apācīnattaṃ pāpita.

occiput : (m.) sīsapacchābhāga.

occlude : (v.t.) paṭicchādeti; paṭicchādita.

occlusion : (nt.) pidahana; chādana.

occult : (adj.) gūḷha; duviññeyya; rāhassaka. (v.t.) tirokaroti. (v.i.) tirobhavati. (pp.) tirokata; tirobhūta.

occultion : (nt.) tirokaraṇa.

occultism : (f.) gūḷhavijjā.

occultist : (m.) gūḷhavijjāvidū.

occupancy : (m.) pariggaha. (f.) adhivāsitā.

occupant : (m.) pariggāhaka; adhivāsī.

occupation : (m.) jīvanopāya; vyāpāra.

occupied : (adj.) vyāvaṭa; payutta.

occupier : (m.) sāmī; adhikārī.

occupy : (v.t.) pariggaṇhāti; adhivasati; adhigaṇhāti; abhiyuñjati. (pp.) pariggahita; adhivuttha; adhiggahita; abhiyutta.

occur : (v.i.) bhavati; sijjhati; khāyati; paṭibhāti. (pp.) bhūta; siddha; khāyita.

occurrence : (f.) siddhi.

ocean : (m.) samudda; sāgara; sindhu; udadhi; jalanidhi; aññava.

oceanic : (adj.) sāmuddika.

oceanography : (f.) samuddavaṇṇanā.

oceanology : (f.) samuddavijjā.

ocellus : (nt.) makkhikālocana; vaṇṇabindu.

ochlocracy : (nt.) dāmarikapālana.

ochre : (nt.) geruka.

octachord : (adj.) aṭṭhatantika.

octad : (nt.) aṭṭhaka.

octagon : (nt.) aṭṭhakoṇakavatthu.

octagonal : (adj.) aṭṭhaṃsika.

octant : (m.) cakkassa aṭṭhamabhāga.

octave : (nt.) aṭṭhaka. (m.) saraggāma. (f.) aṭṭhapadikagāthā.

octavo : (adj.) aṭṭhapattika.

octennial : (adj.) aṭṭhavassika.

octingentenary : (m.) aṭṭhasatavassikussava.

October : (m.) assayuja.

octodecimo : (m.) aṭṭhārasapaṇṇaka - (potthaka).

octogenarian : (m.) asītivassika.

octopod : (m.) aṭṭhapadikapāṇī.

octopus : (m.) aṭṭhahatthakapāṇī.

octori : (m.) nagarasuṅka.

octosyllabic : (adj.) aṭṭhasarayutta.

octuple : (adj.) aṭṭhaguṇa; aṭṭhavidha.

ocular : (adj.) cakkhuvisayaka; paccakkha.

ocularly : (adv.) paccakkhaṃ.

oculist : (m.) akkhivajja; nayanatikicchaka.

odalisque : (f.) antepuradāsī.

odd : (f.) atiritta (-visama-) saṅkhyā. (adj.) visama; asaṅgata; vikaṭa.

oddity : (n.) vesamma; vikaṭatta; asāmaññalakkhaṇa.

oddly : (adv.) visamākārena.

oddness : (n.) vesamma; vikaṭatta; asāmaññalakkhaṇa.

odds : (f.; plu.) visadisatā. (m.) tulanātireka.

ode : (nt.) gīta. (m.) pajjabandha.

odious : (adj.) kucchita; dessiya; garahita; appiya.

odiously : (adv.) dessiyākārena; kucchitākārena.

odiousness : (nt.) gārayhatta.

odium : (nt.) viddesa. (m.) appiyatta.

odontalgia : (f.) dantarujā.

odorous : (adj.) sugandhī; surabhigandhika.

odorously : (adv.) sugandhasahitaṃ.

odour : (m.) gandha.

odourless : (adj.) gandharahita.

oecumenical : (adj.) sabbasādhāraṇa.

oedema : (m.) sapubba-sopha.

oedematous : (m.) uddhumāta.

oesophagus : (m.) galanāḷa.

oestrum : (f.) 1. piṅgalamakkhikā; 2. unnatāsā.

of : (prep.) addhikicca; uddissa.

of great learning : bahussuta.

of no avail : (adj.) nipphala; niratthaka.

of old : (adv.) purā.

of the same age : (adj.) samvayaṭṭha.

of-late : acirātita.

off : (adv.) dūre; dūrato. (intj.) apehi. (adj.) dūravattī; dūraṭṭha.

offal : (nt.) ucciṭṭhabhojana; chaḍḍanīyavatthu.

offday : (m.) vissamanadivasa.

offence : (nt.) vajja. (m.) dosa; āparadha. (nt.) āsādana; virodha. (m.) kopa; rosa.

offenceless : (adj.) niddosa.

offend : (v.t.) apasādeti; āsādeti; aparajjhati. (v.i.) padussati. (pp.) apasādita; aparādha; paduṭṭha.

offender : (m.) āsādaka; pakopaka.

offensive : (f.) viruddhakriyā. (m.) virodha. (adj.) kopajanaka; virodhupādaka; appiya; pīḷākara.

offensively : (adv.) appiyākārena; viruddhākārena.

offensiveness : (nt.) pīḷājanakatta; appiyatta; sadosatta.

offer : (nt.; m.) abhihāra; upanikkhepa. (f.) paṭiññā. 2. āgghaniyamana. (v.t.) appeti; upanāmeti; abhiharati. (pp.) appita; upanāmita; abhihāṭa.

offer-opposition : paṭivirujjhati.

offer-violence : pahārṃ deti.

offerer : (m.) abhihāraka; upanetu.

offering : (f.) pūjā. (m.) uphāra. (nt.) yajana; upanayana.

offertory : (nt.) (sāmayika-) chandaka-saṃhāraṇa.

offhand : (adv.) sukhena.

office : (nt.) 1. kicca; kāriya. 2. ṭhānantara; pada. (m.) adhikāra. (m.) 3. kiccālaya.

officebearer : (m.) ṭhānantarika.

officer : (m.) padaṭṭha; dhurandhara; adhikārī.

official : (m.) rājapurisa. (adj.) rajjkiccāyatta.

officialdom : (m.) adhikārīgaṇa.

officially : (adv.) rajjakiccavasena.

officiate : (v.i.) adhikāre abhiyuñjati; dhurāyattakiccaṃ sampādeti. (pp.) adhikāre abhiyutta; dhurāyattakiccaṃ dampādhita.

officinal : (adj.) vikkeyyosadhāyatta.

officious : (adj.) adhikānuggahasīlī.

officiously : (adv.) adhikanugghakāmatāya.

offing : (nt.) samudde dissamānadūraṭṭhāna.

offish : (adj.) unnatikāma.

offlet : (nt.) niggamana.

offscourings : (nt.; plu.) kaccavara; dhotamala.

offset : (m.) ārambha. (f.) nikkhanta-sākhā. (pabbatādīnaṃ).

offshoot : (m.) pāroha; niggtakoṭṭhāsa; aṅkura. (f.) sākhā.

offspring : (f.) santati; pajā; paramaparā. (nt.) apacca; phala.

offtime : (m.) vissamanakāla.

oft : (adv.) askiṃ; abhiṇhaṃ; anekavāraṃ; anekadā.

often : (adv.) askiṃ; abhiṇhaṃ; anekavāraṃ; anekadā.

ogle : (v.i.) piyacakkhunā oloketi. (pp.) piyacakkhunā olokita.

ogre : (m.) rakkhasa; dānava.

ogress : (f.) rakkhasī.

oh : (intj.) bho; ambho; 2. (joy and surprise : ) aho; handa; 3. (sorrow : ) hā; ahaha.

oho : (intj.) vimhaye tuṭṭhiyā canipāto.

oil : (nt.) tela. (m.) sineha. (v.t.) telena makkheti; sinheti. (pp.) telena makkhita; sinehita.

oilcake : (m.) telapūva.

oilcloth : (nt.) sitthakavattha.

oiliness : (f.) telagatikatā.

oiling : (nt.) sinehan; abhaḷñhana.

oilman : (m.) telavaṇija.

oilmill : (nt.) telayanta.

oilpaint : (nt.) telacittkamma.

oily : (adj.) 1. satela; 2. upalālaka.

ointment : (nt.) vilepana; abbhañjana.

ola : (nt.) tālapaṇṇa.

old : 1. vudda; mahallaka; 2. purāṇa; jiṇṇa.

old age : (nt.) jarā. (f.) mahallakatta. (m.) vuddhavaya.

olden : purātana; cirantana.

older : vuddhatara; jiṇṇatara.

oldish : atikkantayobbana.

oldmaid : (f.) thullakumārī.

oldman : (m.) mahallka.

oldness : (nt.) jiṇṇatta; mahallakatta.

oldwoman : (f.) mahallikaā.

oleander : (m.) karavīra; assamāraka.

olfaction : (nt.) ghāyana.

olfactory : (nt.) ghāṇindriya. (adj.) ghāṇāyatta.

olibanum : (m.) turukkha.

olid : pūtigandhika.

oligarch : (m.) pālakasabhika.

oligarchy : (nt.) kuḍḍarajja; katipayapālana.

oliguria : (f.) mandamuttatā.

olio : (nt.) missita-bhojana.

olive : (m.) jitarukkha.

olive-green : haritapītaka.

ology : (f.) vijjā.

Olympiad : (m.) mahākīḷāsamaya.

Olympic : catuvassika-kīḷāyatta.

ombrology : (f.) meghavijjā.

omen : (nt.) nimitta; pubbanimitta || good omen: (nt.) subhanimitta.

ominous : (adj.) asubhasūcaka; avamaṅgala.

ominously : (adv.) avamaṅgalākārena.

omission : (nt.) hāpana; vajjana. (m.) pamādadosa.

omit : (v.t.) jahāti; vajjeti; cajati; parihapeti. (pp.) jahita; vajjita; catta; parihāpita.

omnibus : (m.) mahāratha. (adj.) bavhatthasādhaka.

omnifarious : (adj.) sabbākāra.

omnipotence : (f.) anantasatti.

omnipotent : (adj.) sabbabaladhara.

omnipresence : (f.) sabbavyāpitā.

omnipresent : (adj.) sabbavyāpī; sabbattha-vijjamāna.

omniscience : (n.) sabbaññūtā.

omniscient : (adj.) sabbaññū; sabbavidū.

omnium gatherum : (m.) sabbapakkhika-sannipāta.

omnivorous : (adj.) sabbabhakkha.

omophagic : (adj.) āmakamaṃsabhojī.

omphalos : (f.) nābhi.

on : (prep.; adv.) upari; matthake.

on all sides : (ind.) sabbato. (adv.) samantato.

on account of : (ind.) nissāya; sandhāya; hetunā.

on coming : (nt.) upagamana.

on his arrival : tasmiṃ āgate.

on looker : (m.) udikkhaka.

on that account : tato nidānaṃ; tannimittaṃ.

on the morrow : (ind.) suve.

on the same day : (ind.) tadahu.

onager : (m.) vanagadrabha.

onanism : (f.) ayathāsukkavissaṭṭhi.

once : (adv.) ekadā; ekavāraṃ; ekakkhattuṃ; sakiṃ.

once a week : (adv.) sattāhavārena; anusattāhaṃ.

once more : (adv.) puna pi.

once upon a time : atīte; pubbe; purā.

oncologist : (m.) sattā-vādī.

oncology : (f.) phoṭavijjā.

oncotomy : (nt.) gaṇḍaphālana.

ondontiasis : (nt.) dantakantana.

ondontology : (f.) dantavijjā.

one : (adj.) eka. (pron.) koci || in one way: (adv.) ekadhā.

one and half : (nt.) diyaḍḍha.

one after another : (adv.) anupaṭipāṭiyā.

one another : (adv.) aññamññaṃ.

one by one : (adv.) ekekaso. (adj.) ekaka.

one day : (adv.) ekadā.

one pointedness : (f.) ekaggatā. (m.) ekodibhāva.

one-eyed : (adj.) ekakkhika.

one-sided : (adj.) ekapassika; ekadesika.

oneirocritic : (m.) supinatthappakāsaka.

oneness : (nt.) ekatta. (m.) ekībhāva.

onerous : (adj.) bhāriya; durubbaha.

onerously : (adv.) bhariyākārena.

onerousness : (nt.) garutta.

oneself : (ind.) sayaṃ; sāmaṃ.

onfall : (nt.) abhibhavana; ajjhotthraṇa.

onion : (m.) palaṇḍu.

only : (adv.) kevalaṃ; eva. (adj.) kevala; ekākī; adutiya.

only for : yāvad'eva.

only once : sakid'eva.

onomatopoe : (m.) anukaraṇasadda.

onomatopoetic : (adj.) saddānukaraṇānugata.

onomatopoetically : (adv.) saddānugamanavasena.

onrush : (nt.) ādhāvana; pakkhanadana.

onset : (m.) abhisampāta. (nt.) ekkamana; pahāradāna.

onslaught : (m.) abhighāta. (nt.) sahasā; paharaṇa.

ontology : (f.) sattā-vimaṃsā.

onus : (m.) kiccabhāra; adhikāra.

onward : (adj.) abhimukhagāmī.

onwards : (adv.) agge; purato; abhimukhe.

onym : (f.) paribhāsā.

onymous : (adj.) visesanāmayutta.

onyx : (m.) kabaramaṇi.

oof : (nt.) rūpiya; mūla.

oofy : (adj.) dhanavantu.

oology : (f.) sakuṇaṇḍavijjā.

opine : (v.t.) ajjhāsayaṃ dhāreti; mataṃ pakāseti. (pp.) dhāritajjhāsayaṃ; pakāsitamata.

ooze : (m.) allkaddama; rajanavisesa. (nt.) sanditavatthu. (v.t.) paggharati; passandati. (pp.) paggharita; passandita.

ooziness : (nt.) sandamānatta.

oozy : (adj.) paggharaṇapakatika.

opacity : (f.) anacchatā; pabhāvinivijjhiyatā.

opal : (m.) upalamaṇi.

opaline : (adj.) upalasadisa.

opaque : (adj.) nippabha; vinivijjhāpassiya.

opaqueness : (nt.) anacchatta; kūlusiya.

open : (adj.) vivaṭa; anāvaṭa; asaṃvuta; pasārita; pākaṭa. (v.t.) 1. Vivarati; ugghāṭeti; 2.āvīkaroti; pākaṭīkaroti; 3.(of meaning : ) vyākhyāti; 4. (of eyes : ) ummīleti. (v.i.) vikasati; pupphati. (pp.) vivaṭa; ugghāṭita; āvīkata; pākaṭikata; vyākhyāta; ummīlita; vikasita; pupphita.

open air : (m.) abbhokāsa.

open space : (nt.) aṅgaṇa; vivaṭaṭṭhāna.

open-eyed : (adj.) vimhayākula.

open-handed : (m.) payatapaṇī; vossaggarata.

open-hearted : (adj.) akapaṭa; akuṭila.

open-minded : (adj.) adīnacitta.

open-mouthed : (adj.) mukahara; vācāla.

openarmed : (adj.) nivyāja.

openeared : (adj.) ohitasota.

opener : (m.) vivaritu; ugghāṭaka.

opening : (nt.) 1. vivaraṇa; vikasana; anāvaraṇa. 2. Vivara; chidda.

openly : (adv.) āvī; pākaṭavasena.

openness : (nt.) vivaṭatta; akuṭilatta.

opera : (nt.) sasaṅgītanāṭaka.

operate : (v.i.) balaṃ pavatteti; kiccakārīhoti. (v.t.) sallkammaṃ karoti. (pp.) pavattitabala; kiccakāribhūta; katasallkamma.

operation : (m.) vyāpāra. (nt.) kicca; sallkamma.

operative : (adj.) kiccasādhaka; payojaka. noun : (m.) sippī.; kammakāra.

operator : (m.) 1. pavattāpaka; 2. sallavejja; sallakatta.

operose : (adj.) kicchasādhiya.

operosely : (adv.) kiccena; kasirena.

operoseness : (nt.) dukkaratta.

ophiolater : (m.) sappanamassaka; nāgapūjaka.

ophiology : (f.) sappavijjā.

ophiophagous : (adj.) sappabhakkha.

ophthalmia : (m.) nettābhisanda; akkhidāha.

ophthalmic : (adj.) nettavisayaka; abhissandayutta.

ophthalmist : (m.) akkhivejja.

ophthalmology : (f.) nayanavijjā.

ophthalmoscope : (m.) nayanabbhanatatanidasska.

ophthalmotomy : (nt.) nayanasallakamma.

opiate : (adj.) niddājanaka; ahipheṇayutta. noun : (nt.) niddājanakosadha. (v.t.) ahipheṇenamisseti. (pp.) ahipheṇenamissita.

opinion : (nt.) mata. (f.) mati. (m.) ajjhāsaya; adhippāya.

opinionated : (adj.) ādhānagāhī; attnoatika.

opinionative : (adj.) ādhānagāhī; attnoatika.

opium : (nt.) ahipheṇa. (v.t.) ahipaheṇenatikicchati.

oppilate : (v.t.) avarodheti. (pp.) avaruddha.

opponency : (m.) virodha.

opponent : (m.) paccatthika; paṭipakkha; amitta; verī. (adj.) viruddha; paccanika; paccatthika.

opportune : (adj.) samayocita; kālānurūpa; pattāvasara.

opportunely : (adv.) yathāsamayaṃ; yathḷākale; yathocitaṃ.

opportunism : (f.) kalocitavutti.

opportunity : (m.) pattakāla; avasara; okāsa; vāra.

opposable : (adj.) virujhitabba; paṭikkosiya.

oppose : (v.t.) virujjhati. (pp.) viruddha.

opposed : (adj.) paṭipakkha; paṭiloma; viloma; vipakkha.

opposeless : (adj.) anivāriya; bādhārahita.

opposite : (adj.) 1. Viruddha; paṭipakkha; 2. ābhimukha; paṭimukha; paṭikūla. (m.) vipariyāya.

opposite bank : (nt.) paratīra.

opposite wind : (m.) paṭivāta.

oppositely : (adv.) viparītaṃ; paṭilomaṃ.

opposition : (m.) virodha. (nt.) vipakkhatta

oppress : (v.t.) uppīḷeti; ābādheti; vyathati; heṭheti; omaddati. (pp.) uppīḷita; ābādhita; vytthita; heṭhita; omaddita.

oppression : (nt.) upapīḷana; viheṭhana; bādhana; pajāpiḷana.

oppressive : (adj.) pīḷaka; bādhaka; viheṭhaka.

oppressively : (adv.) pajāpīḷanena; vihiṃsāya.

oppressor : (n.) pajāpīḷaka; visamācāra.

opprobrious : (adj.) sopavāda.

opprobriously : (adv.) sopavādaṃ.

opprobrium : (m.) apakitti; ayasa; apavāda; upavāda.

oppugn : (v.t.) vivadati; paṭipucchati. (pp.) vivadita; paṭipucchita.

oppugnation : (nt.) vivadana.

opsimath : (m.) vuddha-sissa.

optative : (f.) sattamī vibhatti. (adj.) icchatthaka; icchāpakāsaka.

optic : (nt.) cakkhu; nayana. (adj.) nayanapaṭibaddha.

optical : (adj.) dassanavisayaka.

optician : (m.) 1. upanettavāṇija; 2. diṭṭhisatthaññū. (f.; plu.) diṭṭhivijjā.

optimism : (m.) sabbasubhavāda.

optimist : (m.) sabbasubhavādī.

option : (f.) abhiruci; icchā. (m.) abhilāsa.

optional : (adj.) yathicchaka; vikappasiddha.

optionally : (adv.) vikappena.

opulence : (f.) samiddhi; smpatti. (m.) vibhava.

opulent : (adj.) aḍḍha; mahaddhana; mahābhoga.

opulently : (adv.) aḍḍhākārena.

opus : (f.) paccekasaṅgītaracanā.

opuscule : (f.) khuddakagītaracanā.

or : (conj.) vā; athavā; (in questioning : ) uda; udāhu; nu.

or else : vā pana.

oracle : (nt.) devavākya; anāgataññṇa.

oracular : (adj.) devavākyāyatta.

oral : (adj.) mukhapāṭhābhata.

orally : (adv.) paṭhanavasena.

orang-outang : (m.) mahāvānaravisesa.

orang-utan : (m.) mahāvānaravisesa.

orange : (m.) jambīra.

orange coloured : (adj.) pītaratta.

orangery : (nt.) jambīravatthu.

orate : (v.t.) deseti. (pp.) desita.

oration : (f.) cittakathā. (nt.) sālaṅkāravacana.

orator : (m.) cittakathī.

oratory : (nt.) 1. vācāpaṭutta; vāgīdatta. 2. pugglikadevāyatana.

orb : (nt.) maṇḍala; āvaṭṭa; goḷaka; akkhigoḷa. (v.t.) goḷattaṃpāpeti. (v.i.) goḷībhavati. (pp.) goḷattaṃpāpita. goḷībhūta.

orb of the moon : (nt.) candamaṇḍala.

orbicular : (adj.) vaṭṭula; goḷākāra; cakkākāra.

orbit : (m.) 1. gahatārāpatha. 2. akkhikūpa.

orchard : (m.) phalārāma.

orchestic : (adj.) naccāyatta. (f.) naccakalā.

orchestra : (m.) 1. vādakasamūha. 2. vādittamaṇḍapa.

ordain : (v.t.) 1. sammannati; niddisati; 2. pabbājeti. (pp.) sammata; niddiṭṭha; pabbājita.

ordainer : (m.) paññāpaka; pabbājaka.

ordeal : (f.) tattaparikkhā; saccavīmaṃsā.

order : (f.) paṭipāṭi; āṇā; ābatti. (m.) kama; anukkama; anvaya; niyoga; gaṇa; vagga; nikāya. (v.t.) āṇāpeti; niyameti; saṃvidahati. (pp.) āṇāpita; niyamita; saṃvidhahita || holy order: (m.) ariyasaṅgha; in order: anupubbena; paṭipāṭiyā; yathākkamaṃ; in order to: atthāya.

orderer : (m.) āṇāpaka.

orderless : (adj.) ayathākkamaka; bhinnapaṭipāṭika.

orderly : (adj.) vavatthita; kamānuggata; anukkamika. (m.) upatthambhaka-sevaka.

ordinal : (f.) kamavācakasaṅkhyā. (adj.) kamavācī.

ordinance : (f.) vavatthā; niyamāvali. (m.) niyoga.

ordinant : (adj.) niyāmaka.

ordinarily : (adv.) sāmaññena; avisesato.

ordinariness : (f.) sāmaññātā; avisiṭṭhatā.

ordinary : (adj.) sādhāraṇa; avisiṭtha; sāmañña.

ordinate : (adj.) kamānugata; ānupubbika.

ordination : (nt.) patiṭṭhāpana. (f.) pabbajjā.

ordnance : (m.) yuddhayantasamūha.

ordure : (nt.) karīsa; mīḷha. (m.) ukkāra; asuci.

ore : (f.) asodhita-khaṇijadhātu.

oread : (f.) giridevatā.

organ : (nt.) mahāturiya; indriyāyatana. (m.) avayava; (of a society : ) kālikasaṅgaha.

organ of generation : (nt.) aṅgajāta; rahassaṅga.

organ of smell : (nt.) ghāṇāyatana.

organ of taste : (nt.) jivhāyatana.

organ of touch : (m.) kāyappasāda.

organic : (adj.) indriyabaddha.

organisation : (nt.) saṃvidahana. (m.) vinyāsa. (f.) racanā.

organise : (v.t.) saṃvidahati; sammā vavatthapeti. (pp.) saṃvihita; sammā vavatthapita.

organism : (nt.) saṃvidahana. (f.) racanā.

organist : (m.) mahāturiyavādaka.

organology : (m.) avayavavibhāga.

organon : (m.) 1. ṭakkamahetu; 2. ñayagantha.

orgasm : (m.) adhikavega. (f.) accantakāmāsā.

orgy : (m.) 1. surāchaṇa; devapūjāvisesa.

orient : (m.) pācīnadesa. (f.) pubbadisā. (adj.) udenta; uggacchamāna.

oriental : (adj.) pācīna; pubbadesīya. (m.) pācīnavāsī.

orientalist : (m.) pācīnabhāsaññū.

orifice : (nt.) chida; vivara.

orifice of the ear : (nt.) sotabila; kaṇṇacchidda.

origin : (f.) mūlupptti; yoni; sañjāti. (nt.) nidāna. (m.) pabhava; samudaya.

original : (adj.) ādima; mūlabhūta. (nt.) mūlabhūtavatthu.

originality : (f.) apubbatā; navakappanā. (nt.) sayampaṭibhāṇa.

originally : (adv.) ādito; mūlato; paṭhamaṃ.

originate : (v.t.) janeti; uppādeti; nibbatteti; samuṭṭhāpeti. (v.i.) jāyati; pabhavati; uppajjati; samuṭṭhāti. (pp.) janita; uppādita; nibbattita; samuṭṭhāpita; jāta; pbhūta; uppanna; samuṭṭhita.

originating : (adj.) nibbattaka; uṭṭhāpaka.

origination : (f.) uppatti. (m.) ubbhava; nibbattetu.

orinasal : (adj.) anunāsika.

Orion : (nt.) migasiranakkjhatta.

orison : (f.) āyācanā; patthanā.

ornament : (nt.) ābharaṇa; piḷandhana; pasādhana; vibhūsana. (m.) alaṅkāra. (v.t.) bhūseti; vibhūseti; maṇḍeti; pasādheti; alaṅkaroti. (pp.) bhūsita; vibhūsita; maṇḍita; pasādhita; alaṅkata.

ornamental : (adj.) bhūsanāyatta; maṇḍanopakāraka.

ornamentally : (adv.) maṇḍanavasena.

ornamentation : (nt.) 1. maṇḍana; bhūsana; alaṅkaraṇa; 2. Cittakamma.

ornate : (adj.) alaṅkata; bhūsita.

ornithologist : (m.) pakkhivijjāvidū.

ornithology : (f.) pakkhinijjā.

ornithomancy : (f.) sakuṇarutavijjā.

orography : (f.) pabbatavijjā.

orology : (nt.) giripabhedañāṇa.

orotund : (adj.) madhuragambhīra.

orphan : (adj.) nimmātāpitika.

orphanage : (nt.) nimmātāpitikatta. (m.) anāthadārakanivāsa.

orpiment : (nt.) haritāla.

orrery : (nt.) gahagamanadīpakayanta.

orris : (f.) vacā; golomī.

ort : (nt.) āhāratochaḍḍanīyavatthu.

orthodox : (adj.) dhammaladdhiaka; saccānugata.

orthodoxy : (f.) sammādiṭṭhi.

orthoepist : (m.) suṭṭhuccāraka.

orthogon : (nt.) samacaturassa.

orthogonal : (adj.) caturaṃsika.

orthography : (m.) akkharavinyāsa; akkharasamaya.

orthometry : (f.) niddosapajjaracanā.

oscillate : (v.i.) dolāyati; phandati. (pp.) dolāyita; phandita.

oscillating : (adj.) dolāyamāna.

oscillation : (nt.) dolāyana; phandana.

oscitant : (adj.) vijambhamāna.

oscitation : (f.) jambhanā; pamattatā.

oscular : (adj.) mukhāyatta; vadanayatta.

osculate : (v.i.t.) cumbati. (pp.) cumbita.

osculation : (nt.) cumbana.

osculatory : (adj.) cumbanāyatta.

osprey : (m.) ukkuha; kurara.

osseous : (adj.) aṭṭhimaya; aṭṭhibhūta.

ossicle : (nt.) khuddakaṭṭhi.

ossify : (v.t.) aṭṭhisadisaṃ karoti. (pp.) aṭṭhisadisaṃ kata.

ossuary : (nt.) matakaṭṭhi-agāra.

ostensible : (adj.) vyāja; ayathābhūta; kittima.

ostensibly : (adv.) vyājena; ayathā.

ostensive : (adj.) ayathādassaka.

ostentation : (m.) dappa; ahaṅkāra; bāhirālaṅkara.

ostentatious : (adj.) attukkaṃsaka; dappita.

ostentatiously : (adv.) sadappaṃ; sāhaṅkāraṃ.

osteography : (f.) aṭṭhivaṇṇanā.

osteology : (f.) aṭṭhīvijjā.

ostler : (m.) santhāgāra-assagopaka.

ostracise : (v.t.) (raṭṭhā) pabbājeti; nibbāseti. (pp.) pabbājita; nibbāsita.

ostracism : (nt.) nibbāsana.

ostrich : (m.) oṭṭhasakuṇa.

other : (adj.) itara; para; apara || at other times: (adv.) aññādā; the other day: (ind.) aparajju; the others: (m.) aññe; apare; itare.

othergates : (adv.) aññamaggena.

otherness : (nt.) aparatta.

otherwise : (adv.) aññāthā; itarathā.

otic : (adj.) sotapaṭibaddha.

otiose : (adj.) 1. alasa; 2. nipphal; 3. ānapekkhita; 4. kriyārahita.

otiosely : (adv.) akammaniyākārena.

otitis : (m.) kaṇṇāpāka.

otter : (m.) udda; jalamajjāra.

ought : (n.) yaṃ kiñci. (v.i.) arahati; vaṭṭati; yujjati.

ounce : (m.) 1. ha-dharaṇabhāra. 2. dīpivisesa.

our : (poss.; plu.) amhākaṃ.

our own : amhāyatta.

ours : (poss. plu.) (adj.) amhāyatta.

ourselves : (pron.) mayam eva; mayaṃ attanā va.

oust : (v.t.) apanudati; nikkhāmeti; bahikaroti. (pp.) apanudita; nikkhāmita; bahikata.

out : (intj.) apehi; apasara. (adv.) bahi; bahiddhā.

out of danger : (adj.) antarāyamutta.

out of food : (adj.) nirāhāra.

out of hope : (adj.) gatāsa; nirapekkha.

out of kindness : (adv.) anukampāya.

out of office : (adj.) bhaṭṭhādhikāra.

out of order : (adj.) uppaṭipāṭika; bhinnakkama.

out of pity : anukampaṃ upādāya.

out of place : (adj.) aṭṭānika; anucita. (adv.) aṭṭhāne.

out of print : (adj.) apuna-muddita.

out of sight : (adj.) dassanāṭikkanta.

out of the way place : (nt.) dūraṭṭhāna.

out of time : (adj.) ayathākālika.

out of use : (adj.) gatavohāra; luttaparibhoga.

out of work : (adj.) nikkamma.

outact : (v.t.) aticarati; atikaroti. (pp.) aticarita; atikata.

outbalance : (v.t.) atirekataṃ yāti; (pamāṇam) atikkamati. (pp.) atirekataṃ yāta; atikkanta.

outbid : (v.t.) adhikagghaṭhapanena kiṇāti. (pp.) adhikagghaṭhapanena kīta.

outbluster : (v.t.) atirekaṃ gajjati. (pp.) atirekaṃ gajjita.

outbrave : (v.i.) ativiya nibbhayo hoti.

outbreak : (nt.) 1. sahasā uṭṭhāna; ubbhijjana; 2. rogapattharaṇa. (v.i.) 1. pariyuṭṭhāti; 2. sahasā pattharati. (pp.) parīyuṭṭhita; sahasā patthaṭa.

outbuilding : (nt.) bahighara.

outburst : (m.) sahasā-niggama. (nt.) sasaddabhijjana.

outcast : (m.) 1. bahikata; 2. hīnajacca; vasala.

outcry : (nt.) ugghosana. tumulanāda.

outdare : (v.t.) vikkamena atiseti.

outdo : (v.t.) acceti; atīkkamati; abhibhūta.

outdoor : (adj.) abbhokāsika.

outer : (adj.) bāhiratara.

outer bark : (f.) papaṭikā.

outermost : (adj.) atibāhīta; paribāhira.

outface : (v.i.) 1. bhākutiṃ karoti; 2. antarāyābhimukhaṃ yāti. (pp.) katabhākuṭi; antarāyābhimukhaṃ yāta.

outfit : (m.) parivaccha; paricchada. (nt.) maggopakaraṇa. (v.t.) parivvacchaṃ karoti or sajjeti. (pp.) kataparivaccha.

outflow : (m.) abhisanda; pasava.

outgo : (m.) vaya. (nt.) vissajjana. (v.t.) acceti; atikkamati. (pp.) atikkanta.

outgoing : (m.) vaya; khaya; apacaya. (adj.) bahigāmi.

outgrow : (v.t.) atikkamma vaḍḍhati. (pp.) atikkamma vaḍḍhita.

outgrowth : (f.) bāhiravaḍḍhi.

outhouse : (nt.) upaghara.

outland : (m.) paradesa.

outlander : (m.) videsī.

outlandish : (adj.) videsīya.

outlast : (v.i.) cirakālaṃ pavattati. (pp.) cirakālaṃ pavattita.

outlaw : (m.) likhita-cora. (v.t.) sambhogaṃ nivāreti; nītiyā bahīkaroti. (pp.) nivāritasambhoga; nītya bahīkata.

outlawry : (nt.) pabbājanakamma.

outlay : (m.) vaya. (nt.) vissajjana.

outleap : (nt.) pakkhandana.

outlet : (m.) niggama. (nt.) nikkhamaṇadvāra.

outline : (nt.) bāhirasaṇṭhāna. (f.) saṅkhittavaṇṇanā. (v.t.) 1. saṇṭhānam ālikhati; 2. saṅkhepato nirūpati. (pp.) ālikhita; nirūpata.

outlive : (v.t.) atikkamma or dīghatarakālaṃ jīvati.

outlook : (f.) apekkhā; paccāsā. (m.) diṭṭhipāta.

outlying : (adj.) dūraṭṭha; asaṃsaṭṭha.

outmarch : (v.i.) agge yāti; atikkamati. (pp.) agge yāta; atikkanta.

outmost : (adj.) bāhiratama.

outnumber : (v.t.) saṅkhyāya atikkamati. (pp.) atikkantasaṅkhya.

outpace : (v.t.) hitvā yāti; atikkamati. (pp.) hitvā yāta; atikkanta.

outpour : (m.) dhārānipāta. (v.i.) dharahi nipatati. (pp.) dhārānipātita.

output : (nt.) nipphadita-pamāṇa.

outquench : (v.t.) nibbāpeti; upasameti. (pp.) nibbāpita; upasamita.

outrage : (nt.) dūsana. atyācāra. (m.) balakkāra. (v.t.) 1. dūseti; kalaṅketi; 2. Pasayha carati. (pp.) dūsita; kalaṅkita; pasayha carita.

outrageous : (adj.) sāhasika; atiduṭṭha.

outrageously : (adv.) ghoraṃ; dāruṇākārena.

outrageousness : (nt.) sahasikatta; daruṇatta.

outreach : (v.t.) dūrataraṃ pāpunāti or pattharati. (pp.) dūrataraṃ patta; patthaṭa.

outrider : (m.) pacchārohaka.

outright : (adv.) 1. sapadi; taṅkhaṇaṃ; 2. sabbathā; nissesaṃ.

outrival : (v.i.) visiṭṭhatamo bhavati.

outroot : see. Eradicate.

outrun : (v.t.) atikkamitvā dhāvati.

outset : (m.) ārambha; ādi. (nt.) paṭṭhapana.

outshine : (v.i.) atirocati. (pp.) atirocita.

outside : (m.) bāhirabhāga. (adj.) bāhira. (adv.) bahiddhā.

outsider : (m.) 1. parahana; bāhiraka; 2. āparicita.

outskirt : (m.) pariyanta; paccanta.

outspoken : (adj.) uttānavacana; tathavādī; thiravacana.

outspokenly : (adv.) vyattaṃ; visadaṃ; uttānaṃ; ujukaṃ.

outspread : (v.t.) vitthāreti; pasāreti; vitanoti. (pp.) vitthārita. pasārita; vitata.

outstanding : (adj.) 1. ṇahiniggata; sudissamāna; 2. anipphanna; 3. asañcita (-iṇa-karādi).

outstare : (v.t.) bhākuṭīkaraṇena lajjapeti. (pp.) bhākuṭīkaraṇena lajjapita.

outstretch : (v.t.) pasāreti; vitanoti. (pp.) pasārita; vitata.

outstrip : (v.t.) atikkamma yāti. (pp.) atikkamma yāta.

outvie : see, Excel.

outward : (adj.) bāhirābhimukha.

outwardly : (adv.) bāhirato.

outwards : (adv.) bahiddhā.

outwear : (v.t.) ciraṃ nivāseti or paridahati. (pp.) ciraṃ nivattha; paridahita.

outweigh : (v.t.) bhārena atiriccati. (pp.) atirittabhāra.

outwit : see, Cheat.

outwoen : (adj.) jiṇṇa; jajjara.

outwordbound : (adj.) videsagāmī.

outwork : (f.) bahiddhārakkhā.

oval : (adj.) aṇḍākāra.

ovarious : (adj.) aṇḍuppādaka.

ovary : (m.) aṇḍāsaya.

ovate : (adj.) aṇḍākāra.

ovation : (nt.) ussavena paṭigghaṇa.

oven : (m.) āvāpa; uddhana.

over : (adv.) upari; uttariṃ; uddhaṃ. (prep.) ati; abhi; adhi; pati || all over: 1. sabbattha; 2. paripuṇṇaṃ. (adv.) uparima; upariṭṭha; is over: niṭṭhitaṃ.

over and over : puanappunaṃ.

over-again : puna pi.

over-against : (adv.) abhimukhaṃ.

overact : (v.t.) aticarati; pamāṇam atikkamati. (pp.) aticarita; atikkantapamāṇa.

overalls : (nt.) paridhānāvaraṇa.

overawe : (v.t.) bhāyāpeti; abhibhavati. (pp.) bhāyāpita; abhibhūta.

overbalance : (v.t.) atituleti. (pp.) atitulita.

overbear : (v.t.) dameti; vasīkaroti. (pp.) danta; vasīkata.

overbearing : (adj.) uddhata; dappita.

overbearingly : (adv.) sadappaṃ; uddhatākārena.

overbeg : (v.t.) atiyācati. (pp.) atiyācita.

overboard : (v.t.) nāvāya bahi.

overbold : (adj.) atinibbhaya; atisāhasika.

overburden : (v.t.) adhikabhāram āropeti. (pp.) adhikabhāram āropita.

overcast : (v.t.) paṭicchadeti; āvarati. (pp.) paṭicchādita; āvaṭa. (adj.) meghacchanna; timirāvuta.

overcautious : (adj.) atisaṅkita.

overcharge : (v.t.) adhikamūlaṃ niyameti. (pp.) niyamitādhikamūla. (nt.) adhikamūlaniyamana.

overcloud : (v.t.) paṭicchadeti; āvarati. (pp.) paṭicchādita; āvaṭa. (adj.) meghacchanna; timirāvuta.

overcoat : (m.) bāhira-kañcuka.

overcome : (v.t.) ativattati; pasahati; abhibhavati; pamaddati. (pp.) ativattita; pasahita; abhibhūta; pamaddita. (adj.) aṭṭita; pareta; parājita.

overcoming : (nt.) pasahana; abhibhavana.

overcrowd : (v.t.) sambādheti; nirantaraṃ pūreti. (pp.) sambādhita; nitantaraṃ pūrita.

overdo : (v.t.) adhikaṃ viheseti; kilameti. (pp.) adhikaṃ vihāsita; kilamita.

overdose : (nt.) adhika-bhesajjapāna.

overdraw : (v.t.) adhikataramūlaṃ gaṇhāti. (pp.) gahitādhikamūlaṃ.

overdress : (v.t.) ujjalavesaṃ dhāreti. (pp.) dhāritujjalavesa.

overdue : (adj.) niyamitakālātikknta.

overeat : (v.t.) atimattaṃ bhūñjati; bhojane amattaññū hoti. (pp.) atimattaṃ bhutta.

overestimate : (v.t.) pamāṇādhikaṃ agghāpeti. (pp.) pamāṇādhikaṃ agghāpita.

overfatigue : (m.) adhikaparissama. (v.t.) atatikilameti. (pp.) atatikilamita.

overfeed : (v.t.) atimattaṃ bhojeti. (pp.) atimattaṃ bhojita.

overflow : (v.t.) ottharati. (v.i.) abhisandati; vissandati. (pp.) otthaṭa; abhisandita; vissandita. (m.) 1. ābhisanda; 2. jalogha. (nt.) ottharaṇa.

overflowing : (adj.) 1. abhisandamāna; 2. atibahula.

overgrow : (v.t.) chādetvā vaḍḍhati (pp.) chādetvā vaḍḍhita.

overgrowing : (adj.) sulabh; bahula; ativaḍḍhamāna.

overhasty : (adj.) atisāhasika; anisammakārī.

overhaul : (v.t.) 1. vibhajitvā vīmaṃsati; 2. anubandhitvā pāpuṇāti. (pp.) vibhajitvā vīmaṃsita; anubandhitvā patta.

overhead : (adv.) sīsūpari; matthake.

overhear : (v.t.) anubhilakkhito suṇāti.

overheat : (v.t.) adhikaṃ tāpeti. (pp.) adhikaṃ tāpita.

overindulgence : (nt.) adhikatarāsevana.

overjoy : (m.) pamoda. (v.t.) pahaṃseti; atipīṇeti. (pp.) pahaṃsita or pahaṭṭha; atipīṇita.

overland : (adj.) thalagāmī.

overlandroute : (m.) thalapatha.

overlap : (v.t.) vyāpetvā or chādetvā tiṭṭhati. (pp.) tiṭṭhita.

overlay : (v.t.) 1. āvarati; paṭicchādeti; 2. adhikabhāram āropeti. (pp.) āvaṭa; paṭicchādita; adhikabhāram āropita.

overleap : (v.t.) ullaṅgheti; uppatitvā yāti. (pp.) ullaṅghita; uppatitvā yāta.

overlie : (v.t.) avattharitvā tiṭṭhati. (pp.) avattharitvā tiṭṭhita.

overload : (v.t.) atibhāram āropeti. (pp.) āropitātibhāra.

overlook : (v.t.) 1. na gaṇeti; upekkhati; atikkamitvā passati; 2. anuviloketi. (v.i.) unnato dissati. (pp.) agaṇita; upkkhita; atikamitvā diṭṭha; anuvilokita.

overlord : (m.) adhissara; pabhū; abhibhū.

overlordship : (nt.) issariyādhipacca.

overmuch : (nt.) atibāhulla. (adj.) atimatta. (adv.) accantaṃ; atimattaṃ.

overnight : (adv.) pubbarattiyaṃ; rattibhāge.

overpass : (v.t.) atikkamati; vajjeti. (pp.) atikkanta; vajjita.

overpay : (v.t.) adhikavetanaṃ deti. (pp.) dinnādhikavetana.

overpeople : (v.t.) adhikajanakiṇṇaṃ karoti. (pp.) adhikajanakiṇṇaṃ kata.

overplus : (m.) atirittabhāga; atireka.

overpoise : (m.) mahābhāra; dhikabhāra.

overpower : (v.t.) abhibhavati; maddati; adhivattati. (pp.) abhibhūta; maddita; adhivattita.

overproduction : (nt.) adhikanipphādana.

overrate : (v.t.) adhikagghaṃ niyameti; adhikamūlaṃ niddisati (pp.) niyamitādhikagghaṃ; niḍḍiṭṭhādhikamūlaṃ.

overreach : (v.t.) 1. atikkamitvā pāpuṇāti; 2. vañceti; 3. ūggacchati. (pp.) atikkamitvā patta; vañcita; uggata.

override : (v.i.) akkmati; atikkamati; abhimaddati. (pp.) akkanta; atikkanta; abhimandita.

overripe : (adj.) atiparipakka.

overrule : (v.t.) ñāyena paṭisedheti. or niggaṇhāti; abhibhavati. (v.i.) pasāsati. (pp.) paṭisedhita; niggahita; abhibhūta; pasāsita.

overrun : (v.t.) avattharati; ajjhottharati. (pp.) avatthaṭa; ajjhotthaṭa.

overscrupulous : (adj.) atikukkuccaka.

oversea : (adj.) videsika; pārasāmuddika.

overseas : (adv.) videse; samuddapāre.

oversee : (v.t.) (kammantaṃ) paripāleti or vicāreti. (pp.) paripālita; vicārita.

overseer : (m.) pālaka; adhikārī; vicāraka.

overset : (v.t.) nikkujjeti; adhomukhīkaroti. (pp.) nikkujjita; adhomukhīkata.

overshadow : (v.t.) chāyāya chādeti or tirokaroti. (pp.) chāyāya chādita or tirokata.

overshoot : (v.t.) atilakkhaṃ vijjhati. (pp.) atilakkhaṃ viddha.

oversight : (nt.) kahalita; anavadhāna. (m.) pamādadosa.

oversize : (adj.) pamāṇātikkanta.

oversleep : (v.t.) ativelaṃ supati. (pp.) ativelaṃ sutta. (nt.) dīghasoppa.

overspent : (adj.) 1. atikilanta; 2. ātikkanta; atikhīṇa.

overspread : (v.t.) ottharati; vyāpeti; pattharati. (pp.) otthaṭa; vyāpita patthaṭa.

overstate : (v.t.) adhikaṃ vaṇṇeti. (pp.) vaṇṇita.

overstep : (v.t.) atikkamati; atisarati. (pp.) atikkanta; atisaṭa.

overstock : (m.) atisañcaya. (v.t.) adhikaṃ rāsīkaroti. (pp.) adhikaṃ rāsīkata.

overstrain : (v.t.) adhikam ussahati. (pp.) adhikaṃ ussahita.

overt : (adj.) pākaṭa; vyatta.

overtake : (v.t.) anubandhitvā gaṇhāti. (pp.) anubandhitvā gahita.

overtax : (v.t.) adhikakaraṃ gaṇhāti. (pp.) gahitādhikakara.

overthrow : (v.t.) 1. vināseti; 2. parājeti; 3. ūcchindati. (pp.) vināsita; parājita; ucchinna.

overtime : (m.) (niyamitakālato) adhikakāla.

overtly : (adv.) pākatākārena.

overtness : (nt.) pākaṭatta.

overture : (m.) 1. paṭhamārambha; upaññāsa. 2. vivecanīyavisaya.

overturn : (v.t.) nikkujjeti; adhomukhīkaroti. (pp.) nikkujjita; adhomukhīkata.

overvalue : (v.t.) adhikagghaṃ ṭhapeti. (pp.) adhikagghaṃ ṭhapita.

overweening : (adj.) attukkaṃsaka; adhikamānī.

overweigh : (v.t.) bhārena atiriccati. (pp.) bhārena atiritta.

overweight : (m.) adhikabhāra.

overwhelm : (v.t.) 1. abhitudati; 2. osīdāperi; 3. pariyādiyati.(pp.) abhituṇṇa; osīdāpita; pariyādinna.

overwise : (adj.) atipaṇḍita; paṇḍitamānī.

overwork : (nt.) adhikakicca. (m.) atiparissama. (v.t.) 1. atiparissantaṃ karoti; 2. adhikaṃ kammaṃ karoti.

overworn : (adj.) atikilanta; paribhogajiṇṇa.

overwrought : (adj.) atiparissanta.

overzeal : (f.) accussukatā.

overzealous : (adj.) adhikussāhī.

ovicular : (adj.) aṇḍanissita.

oviferous : (adj.) aṇḍajanaka.

oviform : (adj.) aṇḍākāra.

ovine : (adj.) meṇḍāyatta; meṇḍagatika.

oviparous : (adj.) aṇḍajanaka; 2. aṇḍaja.

oviposit : (v.t.) āsāṭikaṃ nikkhipati. (pp.) nikkhittāsāṭika.

oviposition : (nt.) āsāṭikānikkhipana.

ovoid : (adj.) aṇḍākāra.

ovum : (nt.) kalalarūpa.

owe : (v.i.) iṇaṃ dhāreti; iṇāyiko hoti. (pp.) dhāritaiṇa; iṇāyikabhūta.

owing : (adj.) nittharitabba; dātabba.

owing to : nissāya; hetunā

owl : (m.) uḷūka; vāyasāri.

owlet : (m.) uḷūkapotaka.

owlish : (adj.) uḷūkopama; mandabuddhika.

owllight : (m.) padosa; mandāloka.

own : (adj.) saka; sakīya; nija. (v.t.) āyattaṃ or naṃadhīnaṃ karoti; parigagaṇhāti. (v.i.) aṅgikaroti; paṭijānāti. (pp.) āyattikata; aṅgīkata; paṭiññāta || my own: mamāyatta; your own: tavāyetta.

owner : (m.) sāmī; issara; pati.

ownerless : (adj.) assāmika.

ownership : (nt.) sāmitta; pabhutta.

ox : (m.) usabha; goṇa; balivadda.

oxeyed : (adj.) visālakkha.

oxide : (nt.) pāṇadavāyunā missitavatthu.

oxidise : (v.t.) pāṇadavāyunā misseti. (pp.) pāṇadavāyunā missita.

oxygen : (m.) pāṇadavāyu.

oxygenate : (v.t.) pāṇadavāyunā tikicchati. (pp.) pāṇadavāyunā tikacchita.

oyster : (m.) sambuka.

ozone : (m.) ghanībhūtapāṇdavāyu.

-ooOoo-

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