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English-Pali Dictionary

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28/04/2010 01:54 (GMT+7)
Kích cỡ chữ:  Giảm Tăng

- G -

gab : (m.) vippalāpa.

gabble : (m.) palāpa. (f.) niratthaka-kathā. (v.i.) pajappati; sampahaṃ katheti. (pp.) pajappita; kathitasampha.

gabbler : (m.) pajappi; palāpī.

gable : (nt.) kūṭāgāra; gehasikhara.

gaby : (m.) jala; dandha.

gad : (m.) patoda. (nt.) saratuṇḍa; sūlagga. (v.i.) ito tato āhiṇḍati.

gad-fly : (f.) piṅgalamakkhikā.

gadling : (m.) sahacara.

gaffer : (m.) mahallaka-janapadika.

gag : (nt.) mukharodhakavatthu. (v.t.) 1. mukham āvarati; 2. mukhādhānaṃ yojeti; 3. vañceti. (pp.) āvaṭamukha; yojitakhādhāna; vañcita.

gage : (m.) nyāsa; upanidhi. (v.t.) upanidahati; paṭiññaṃ deti. (pp.) upanihita; dinnapaṭiñña.

gaggle : (v.i.) kalakalāyati.

gaiety : (m.) āmoda; pamoda. (nt.) pāmojja.

gaily : (adv.) sahāsaṃ; sānandaṃ; sobhanākārena.

gain : (m.) lābha; āya; phalodaya. (v.i.) labhati; adhigacchati. (v.t.) arādheti; vasam āneti (pp.) laddha; adhigata; ārādhita; vasam ānīta.

gain ground : abhivaḍḍhati; samijjhati.

gain upon : samīpaṃ yāti.

gainer : (m.) labhī.

gainful : (adj.) saphala; sātthaka; phalada.

gainsay : (v.t.) paccakkhāti; paccādisati. (pp.) paccakkhāta; paccādiṭṭha.

gainsayer : (m.) viruddhavādī; paṭikkhipaka.

gainsground : abhivaḍḍhati; pattharati.

gait : (f.) gamanalīlā.

gaiter : (nt.) jaṅghāvaraṇa.

gala : (m.) jaṅghāvaraṇa.

gala day : (m.) chaṇadivasa.

galaxy : (f.) ākāsagaṅgā; mahesakkha-parisā. (nt.) cakkavāḷa.

gale : (m.) pabalavāta; caṇḍānila.

gall : (nt.) pitta; domanassa. (v.t.) cammaṃ vikopeti; pariḷāhaṃ janeti. (pp.) cammaṃ vikopita; pariḷāhaṃ janita.

gall-bladder : (m.) pittāsaya.

gallant : (adj.) sūra; vīra; abhīta; cārudassana; susīla.

gallantly : (adv.) savikkamaṃ.

gallantry : (nt.) sūratta; vīratta. (f.) mahesakkhatā; itthilolatā.

gallery : (nt.) samussiṭṭhāna; cittāgāra. (m.) channālinda.

galley : (m.) purāṇa-nāvāvisesa; yojitakkharadharaka; nāvāya mahānasa.

gallic : (adj.) pransadesāyatta.

galling : (adj.) kaṭuka; mammacchedaka.

gallivant : (v.i.) pariyāhiṇḍati.

gallon : (m.) doṇamatta-māṇa.

gallop : (nt.) plavana; uppatana. (v.i.) plavantodhāvati.

gallows : (nt.) vadhaṭṭhāna; māraka-yanta.

galore : (nt.) bāhulla. (adv.) bāhullena.

galumph : (v.i.) vijaye naccati.

galvanise : (v.t.) rasāyanikavujjuyā loham ālepeti.

galvanism : (nt.) rasāyanikavijjubala.

gamble : (f.) jūtakīḷā. (v.i.) jūtaṃkīḷati; akkhehi dibbati.

gambler : (m.) jūtakāra; akkhadhutta.

gambling : (nt.) jūtakīḷana.

gamboge : (m.) Kamboja-pītanityyāsa.

gambol : (nt.) lāsana. (f.) līlā; kīḷā. (v.i.) dibbati; kīḷati.

game : (f.) kīḷā; keḷi. (m.) pasu; vadhitabba-paṇigaṇa; migava. (v.i.) kīḷati; dibbati.

game cock : (m.) yuddhakukkuṭa.

gameful : (adj.) kīḷāpara.

gamekeeper : (m.) migarakkhaka.

gamely : (adv.) sūrākārena.

gamesome : (adj.) kīḷālola; vinodasīlī.

gamester : (m.) dhutta; jūtakāra.

gaming : (nt.) jūta.

gaming house : (f.) jūtasālā.

gammer : (f.) mahallikā.

gammon : (f.) nikati; vañcanā. (nt.) sūkara-vallūra. (v.t.) sokaraṃ lavaṇīkaroti. (pp.) lavaṇīkatasokara.

gamp : (nt.) mahāchatta.

gamut : (m.) niravasesa-visaya.

gamy : (adj.) migabahula.

gander : (m.) cakkavāka.

gang : (m.) gaṇa; samūha.

ganger : (m.) gaṇajiṭṭha.

Ganges : (f.) bhāgīrathī; gaṅgānadī.

gangetic : (adj.) gaṅgāyatta.

ganglion : (m.) nahārusaṅghāta.

gangrene : (m.) jīvamaṃsa-pūtiroga. (v.t.) jīvamaṃsaṃ putittaṃ neti.

gangster : (m.) pūgāyatta; gaṇasahāya.

gangway : (m.) antarāpatha; nāvoruhana-patha.

gaol : (f.) kārā. (nt.) bandhanāgāra. (v.t.) kārāgāre khipati.

gaoler : (m.) kārāpālaka.

gap : (m.) vivara; chidda; antara; antarakāla.

gape : (nt.) vivaṭamukha. (f.) vijambhanā. (v.i.) vijambhati; mukhaṃ vivarati. (pp.) vijambhita; vivaṭamukha.

gaper : (m.) vivaṭamukhī.

garage : (f.) rathasālā.

garb : (nt.) nivāsana-pārupaṇa. (v.t.) nivāseti; acchādeti. (pp.) nivattha; acchādita.

garbage : (nt.) chaḍḍiyavatthu. (f.) nindiyalipi.

garble : (v.t.) uccināti; ayathādasseti. (pp.) uccinita; ayathā dassita.

garden : (nt.) uyyāna. (m.) ārāma. (v.t.) uyyānaṃ ropeti. (pp.) ropituyyāna || fruit garden: (m.) phalārāma; pleasure garden: (nt.) kīḷuyyāna.

gardener : (m.) uyyānapāla.

gardening : (nt.) uyyānaropaṇa.

gargantuan : (adj.) atimahanta; ativisāla.

gargle : (nt.) mukhavikkhalana; kaṇṭhasodhanosadha. (v.t.) (osadhena) kaṇṭhaṃ sodheti; mukhaṃ vikkhāleti. (pp.) sodhitakaṇṭha; vikkhālitamukha.

gargoyle : (nt.) vicitasaṇṭhāna-paṇālīmukha.

garish : (adj.) atibhāsura; accalaṅkata.

garishly : (adv.) atibhāsuratāya.

garland : (f.) āvelā; mālā. (m.) mālādāma. (v.t.) mālaṃ piḷandheti. (pp.) piḷandhitamāla.

garland for the head : (m.) uttaṃsaṃ; sekhara.

garland maker : (m.) mālākāra.

garlic : (nt.) lasuṇa.

garment : (nt.) vasana; acchākana; nivāsana || under garment: (m.) antaravāsaka; upper garment: (nt.) uttarīya; uttarisāṭaka.

garner : (nt.) kusūla; dhaññāgāra. (v.t.) kusūle nidahati. (pp.) kusūle nihita.

garnish : (m.) alaṅkāra. (nt.) vibhūsana. (v.t.) alaṅkaroti; bhūseti. (pp.) alaṅkata; bhūsita.

garniture : (nt.) vibhūsābhaṇḍa; pilandhanopakaraṇa; alaṅkaraṇa.

garret : (f.) vehāsakuṭi.

garreteer : (m.) vehāsakuṭivāsī.

garrison : (f.) dugga-rakkhakasenā. (v.t.) duggarakkhake payojeti.

garrulity : (nt.) mukharatta. (f.) bahubbāṇitā.

garrulous : (adj.) vācāla; mukhara.

garrulousness : (nt.) mukharatta. (f.) bahubbāṇitā.

garter : (nt.) jaṅghābandhana.

Garth : (nt.) gehaṅgaṇa.

gas : (nt.) vāyurūpaka.

gasconade : (nt.) vikatthana. (vi.) vikatthati. (pp.) vikatthita.

gaseous : (adj.) vāyurūpaka.

gash : (nt.) dīgha-khata. (v.t.) dīghakhataṃ sādhedi.

gasoline : (nt.) asuddha-bhūmitela.

gasometer : (m.) vāyurūpakāsaya.

gasp : (nt.) nissasana. (v.i.) kicchena sasati.

gastric : āmāsayaṭṭha.

gastric juice : (m.) jaṭharaggi.

gastrology : (nt.) sūpasattha.

gastronome : (m.) sūpasatthaññū.

gastronomer : (m.) sūpasatthaññū. udarambharī.

gastronomy : (f.) subhojanavijjā.

gate : (nt.) bahidvāra; pākāradvāra.

gate house : (nt.) dvārakoṭṭhaka.

gate keeper : (m.) dvārapāla.

gate tower : (nt.) gopura.

gate way : (m.) dvāramagga.

gather : (v.t.) ācināti; upacināti; samāharati; anumāneti. (v.i.) saṅgacchati; sannipatati; rāsībhavati. (pp.) ācita; upacita; samāhaṭa; anumānita; saṅgata; sannipatita; rāsibhūta.

gatherer : (m.) saṃhāraka; saṅgāhaka.

gathering : (m.) ācaya; upacaya; sannipata; samāgama. (nt.) samaharaṇa; sammelana.

gauche : (adj.) asobhaṇa; adakkha.

gaud : (nt.) pamāṇita-nāṇa.

gaudy : (m.) mahābhojanasaṅgaha. (adj.) nānāvaṇṇa; asippānurūpa.

gauge : (nt.) pamāṇita-māṇa; antogatappamāṇa. (v.t.) yathāpamāṇaṃ miṇāti; samapamāṇaṃ neti. (pp.) yathāpamāṇaṃ mita; samapamaṇaṃ nīta.

gaunt : (adj.) kisa; tanu; dubbala.

gauntlet : (nt.) hatthaparittāṇa.

gauntness : (nt.) kisatta.

gauze : (nt.) sukhumavattha; jālavattha.

gavial : (m.) bhāratīya-kumbhīla.

gawk : (m.) mandamatika; asobhanagatika.

gawky : (adj.) asobhana; dandha.

gay : (adj.) pahaṭṭha; udagga; sobhana. || gaily : (adv.) sahāsaṃ; sānandaṃ; sobhanākārena.

gaze : (nt.) samekkhana; nirikkhaṇa. (v.i.) samekkhati. (pp.) samekkhita.

gazelle : (m.) hariṇa; sāraṅga.

gazer : (m.) samekkhaka.

gazette : (nt.) pavattipatta. (v.t.) pakāseti; nivedeti. (pp.) pakāsita; nivedita.

gear : (nt.) upakaraṇa; saṅghaṭṭita-cakkadvaya. (v.t.) kappeti; sannāheti. (pp.) kappita; sannaddha.

gecko : (f.) gharagoḷikā.

gee-gee : (m.) haya.

gelatin : (m.) (jīva) silesa.

gelatinous : (adj.) lagganasīla; miñjasadisa.

gelation : (nt.) sītena thambhīkaraṇa.

geld : (v.t.) bījam uppāṭeti. (pp.) uppāṭita-bīja.

gelding : (nt.) bījuddharaṇa.

gelid : (adj.) himasadisa.

gem : (m.) maṇi. (v.t.) maṇīhisobheti. (pp.) maṇisobhita.

gem-cutter : (m.) maṇikāra.

geminate : (adj.) yugalabaddha. (v.t.) yugalabaddhaṃ or diguṇaṃ karoti. (pp.) diguṇīkata.

Gemini : (nt.) yuga; mithuna; yamaka || sign of Gemini: (m.) mithunarāsi.

gemmate : (adj.) aṅkurayutta. (v.i.) aṅkurāni pātukaroti. (pp.) pātukataṅkura.

gemmation : (m.) aṅkurapātubhāva.

gemmed : (adj.) maṇikhacita.

gemmiferous : (adj.) ratanuppādaka; aṅkuruppādaka.

gemmy : (adj.) maṇimaya; ratanālaṇkata.

gender : (nt.) liṅga. (f.) pakati.

genealogical : (adj.) paramparāvisayaka.

genealogist : (m.) vaṃsāvalīvidū; anvayaññū.

genealogy : (f.) vaṃsāvalī; paramparā.

general : (m.) senānī; camūpati; senānātha. (adj.) sādhāraṇa; avisiṭṭha; sabbavyāpī.

general fact : (f.) dhammatā.

general opinion : (f.) sammuti.

general practice : (m.) lokācāra; lokavohāra.

generalisation : (nt.) samānattapapaṇa; vaggīkaraṇa.

generalise : (v.t.) samataṃ neti; samānanāmaṃ yojeti. (pp.) samataṃ nīta; samānanāmaṃ mayutta.

generalissimo : (m.) aggasenāpati.

generality : (nt.) sāmañña; sādhāraṇatta.

generally : (adv.) sāmaññena; pāyo; bhuso; jātisabhāvena.

generalness : (f.) sāmaññatā.

generalship : (nt.) senāpacca.

generate : (v.t.) janeti; uppadeti. (pp.) janita; uppādita.

generating : (adj.) uppādaka.

generation : (nt.) janana; pasavana; uppādana; kulaparivaṭṭa. (f.) pajā.

generative : (adj.) janaka; nibbattaka.

generator : (m.) uppādetu; janetu; nibbattaka.

generic : (adj.) uppattyāgata; jātivisayaka.

generic property : (m.) jātisabhāva.

generical : (adj.) uppattyāgata; jātivisayaka.

generically : (adv.) jātisabhāvena.

generosity : (f.) vadaññutā; uḷāracittatā; dānasoṇḍatā.

generous : (adj.) cāgasīlī; dānasoṇḍa; muttahatta; khamanasīla.

generously : (adv.) cāgasīlitāya; nḷārajjhāsayeṇa.

generousness : (f.) cāgasīlitā.

genesis : (f.) mūluppatti; lokuppattikathā.

genetic : (adj.) mūlārambhāyatta. (m.; plu.) pettikaguṇa.

genetrix : (f.) janettī.

genial : (adj.) sukhāvaha; ramanīya; pasanna; kāruṇika; uppattivisayaka.

geniality : (f.) pasannatā; rammatā.

genially : (adv.) sānandaṃ; pasannākārena.

genie : (m.) pisāca; amanussa.

genital : (adj.) jananāyatta.

genital organ : (nt.) janakindriya.

genitive : (nt.) sāmivacana. (f.) chaṭṭhī vibhatti.

genitor : (m.) janetu.

genius : (f.) visiṭṭhabuddhi; ārakkhadevatā. (m.) visiṭṭhapañña. (nt.) visesaciṇha.

genre : (m.) jātivisesa; vaggabheda.

gent : see gentleman.

genteel : (adj.) abhijāta; sabbha; ācārakusala; kulīna.

genteelness : (f.) vinītatā; abhijātatā.

gentile : (adj.) yādavetarajātika. (m.) micchādiṭṭhika.

gentility : (f.) vinītatā; sabbhatā.

gentle : (adj.) mudu; komala; somma; sukumāra; uccākulīna; abhijāta; santa; danta; anukampaka.

gentle breeze : (m.) mandānila.

gentlefolk : (m.) kulīnajana.

gentleman : (m.) ayya; arya; mahāsaya.

gentlemanly : (adj.) vinīta; susīla; ācārasīlī.

gentleness : (f.) kudutā; komalatā; santatā.

gentlewoman : (f.) ayyā; kulitthī.

gently : (adv.) sadayaṃ; muduṃ; mandaṃ.

gentry : (m.) (majjhima-) kulīnajana.

genual : (adj.) jaṇṇukāyatta.

genuflect : (v.i.) jaṇṇūhi patati. (pp.) jaṇṇūhi patita.

genuflexion : (nt.) jaṇṇūhi nipatana. (f.) jāṇunati.

genuine : (adj.) amissajātika; avitatha; avyāja; yathabhūta.

genuinely : (adv.) yathātathaṃ; avyājaṃ.

genuiness : (f.) avitathatā.

genus : (f.) visesajāti. (m.) magga; gaṇa.

geocentric : (adj.) paṭhavippadhāna; paṭhavito gabīyamāna.

geodesy : (nt.) paṭhavitalamāṇasattha.

geognosy : (f.) bhūpadesavijjā.

geographical : bhumisatthāyatta.

geographically : (adv.) bhūgoḷavijjānurūpaṃ.

geography : (nt.) bhūgjoḷasattha.

geological : (adj.) bhūgabbhavujjāyatta.

geologist : (m.) bhūgabbhavijjā.

geology : (f.) bhūgabbhavijjā.

geomancer : (m.) paṃsunimittapāṭhaka.

geomancy : (nt.) paṃsunimittapaṭhana.

geometer : (m.) bhūmāṇavidū.

geometrical : (adj.) bhūmitivisayaka.

geometrically : (adv.) bhūmitisatthānusārena.

geometrician : (m.) bhūmitisattaññū.

geometrize : (v.t.) bhūmitiṃ karoti.

geometry : (f.) jyāmiti. (nt.) bhūmānasattha; rekhāgabita.

geoponic : (adj.) kasivijjāyatta.

georgic : (nt.) kasinissitakabba.

germ : (nt.) bīja; mūlabīja. (f.) yoni. (v.i.) see-germinate.

germane : (adj.) sālohita; sasambandha.

germicide : (adj.; nt.) visabījanāsaka.

germinal : (adj.) mūlabījayatta.

germinate : (v.i.) ubbhijjati; virūhati; aṅkurīyati. (pp.) ubbinna; virūḷha; aṅkurita.

germination : (m.) aṅkurapātubhava.

germinative : (adj.) aṅkurajanaka.

gerund : (nt.) bhāvapada.

gerundive : (adj.) bhāvapadasadisa; bhāvapadāyatta.

gestation : (nt.) gabbhadhāraṇa. (f.) garugabbhatā.

gestatory : (adj.) gabhanissita.

gesticulate : (v.t.) aṅgāni vikkhipati. (pp.) vikkhittaṅga.

gesticulation : (f.) kāyaviññatti.

gesticulator : (m.) aṅgavikkhepaka.

gesture : (m.) kāyavikāra; aṅgamikkhepa. (nt.) iṅgita. (v.i.) kāyena viññāpeti. (pp.) kāyena viññāpita.

get : (f.) pajā. (nt.) apacca. (v.t.i.) labhati; adhigacchati. (pp.) ladha; adhigata.

get along : abhiyāti; abhivaḍḍhati.

get at : pappoti.

get away : vigacchati; apakkamati.

get back : paccāgacchati; paṭilabhati.

get behind : avasīdati.

get clear : vimuccati.

get down : oruhati.

get drunk : majjati.

get forward : abbhuyyāti.

get free : muccati.

get in : pavisati.

get into : āpajjati; nigacchati.

get into debt : iṇaṭṭho bhavati.

get off : apayāti.

get on : pavattati; jīvikaṃ kappeti.

get out : nikkhamati; apeti.

get over : vinodeti; vyantīkaroti.

get rid of : vinodeti; vyantīkaroti; pajahati; dūrīkaroti.

get through : atikkamati; acceti; tarati; niṭṭhāpeti.

get up : uṭṭhāti.

get upon : āruhati.

getting : (nt.) labhana; ajjana.

geyser : (m.) uṇhajalubbhida.

ghastly : (adj.) bhīma; ghora; dāruṇa; uppaṇḍuka; chavasama; kilantindriya.

ghee : (nt.) ghata; sappi.

ghost : (m.) pisāca; peta; amanussa.

ghostly : (adj.) pisācākāra.

ghoul : (m.) vetāla.

giant : (adj.) mahākāya. (m.) rakkhasa; asura.

giant like : visāladeha; mahābala; asurasadisa.

giantess : (f.) rakkhasī.

gibber : (nt.) avyatta-jappana. (v.i.) avyattaṃ jappati.

gibberish : (m.) niratthakālāpa.

gibbet : (m.) vadhatthambha. (v.t.) vadhatthambhe ālaggeti.

gibbon : (m.) dīghabāhu-vānara.

gibe : (m.) upahāsa. (v.t.) ohīlanā; upahasati; ohīleti.

giber : (m.) ohīlaka.

gibingly : (adv.) ohīlanākārena.

giddily : (adv.) bhantākārena.

giddiness : (m.) sambhama. (nt.) cañcalatta; anavadhāna.

giddy : (adj.) bhanta; matta; lola; cañcala; uddhata; dappita. (v.t.) sambhameti. (v.i.) sambhamati. (pp.) sambhamita; sambhanta.

gift : (nt.) pābhata; upāyana. (m.) upahāra; paṇṇākāra; pariccāga.

gift in faith : (nt.) saddhādeyya.

gifted : (adj.) upeta; yutta; sampanna.

gigantic : (adj.) ativisāla; atimahanta.

giggle : (m.) adhamahāsa. (v.i.) avinīto viya hasati.

gild : (v.t.) suvaṇṇena limpeti; virājeti. (pp.) suvaṇṇalitta; virājita.

gilding : (m.) suvaṇṇālepa.

gill : (nt.) (macchādīnaṃ) āṇāpāṇindriya. (m.) khuddakanijjhara; māṇavaka.

gilt : (adj.) suvaṇṇālitta.

gimcrack : (adj.) asammāpaṇihita.

gimlet : (f.) ārā; vijjhanasūci.

gin : (m.) pāsa. (nt.) dhaññasurā; bhārubbahanayanta. (v.t.) pāsam oḍḍeti. (pp.) oḍditapāsa.

ginger : (nt.) siṅgivera. (v.t.) siṅgiveraṃ pakkhipati; ussukkāpeti. (pp.) pakkhittasiṅgivera; ussukkāpita || dry ginger: (nt.) mahosadha.

ginger beer : (m.) siṅgiverāsava.

gingerly : (adv.) sanikaṃ; sāvadhānaṃ. (adj.) sāvadhāna.

gingili : (nt.) tila.

gipsy : (m.) abaddhanivāsa; ahituṇḍika.

giraffe : (m.) dīghagīvamiga.

gird : (m.) upahāsa. (v.i.) upahasati. (v.t.) ābandhati; kacchaṃ bandhati; khaggaṃ sannayhati; parikkhipati. (pp.) upahasita; ābaddha; baddhakaccha; sannaddhakhagga; parikkhitta.

girder : (m.) mahādhava.

girdle : (f.) rasanā; mekhalā. (nt.) kaṭisutta; kāyabandhana; rāsicakka. (m.) paribhaṇḍa; parikkhepa. (v.t.) parikkhipati; paḷiveṭheti. (pp.) parikkhitta; paḷiveṭhita.

girl : (f.) daharā; kaññā; kumārī.

girlhood : (m.) kaññābhāva.

girlish : (adj.) kaññānurūpa.

girt : (nt.) visamavatthu-māṇa. (v.t.) visamavatthuṃ miṇāti.

girth : (f.) varattā; naddhi; nandī.

gist : (m.) sāraṅsa; piṇḍattha.

give : (v.t.) dadāti; deti; vitarati. (pp.) dinna; vitarita.

give away : appeti; paṭipādeti.

give back : paṭidadāti.

give birth to : janeti; vijāyati.

give ear : sussūsati; sotam odahati.

give forth : pakāseti.

give ground : paccosakkati.

give in : anuvattati.

give in charge : niyyādeti.

give notice : apaloketi; nivedeti.

give off : pajahati; cajati; nissajati.

give out : anuppadāti; nivedeti.

give over : (v.i.) viramati. (v.t.) niyyādeti; pajahati; appeti.

give rise to : uppādeti.

give up : pajahati; cajati; nissajati.

give way : osīdati; viramati; okāsaṅdeti.

given : (pp. of give) dinna.

given over : padinna.

given up : (adj.) catta; ossaṭṭha; vissaṭṭha.

given well : (adj.) sudinna.

giver : (m.) dāyaka; dāyī; dātu.

givesground : osakkati.

giving : (nt.) dāna; vitaraṇa; anuppadāna. (m.) pariccāga.

giving birth : (nt.) pasavana; vijāyana.

giving over : (nt.) sampadāna.

giving up : (nt.) pajahana; pahāṇa. (m.) paṭinissagga.

gizzard : (m.) (pakkhi-macchānaṃ) dutiyāmāsaya.

glabrous : (adj.) nikkesa; khallāṭa.

glacial : (adj.) himamaya; himayutta.

glaciated : (adj.) himagaṅgāvuta.

glacier : (f.) himanadī. (m.) himakkhandha.

glacis : (f.) pākārato bahi poṇabhūmi.

glad : (adj.) mudita; pamudita; haṭṭha; tuṭṭha; sumana; attamana; santuṭṭha. (v.t.) modeti; toseti; pamodeti. (pp.) modita; tosita; pamodita.

gladden : (v.t.) toseti; modeti; hāseti; rameti; pahaṃseti. (pp.) tosita; modita; hāsita; ramita; pahaṃsita.

gladdening : (nt.) pahaṃsana. (adj.) pahaṃsaka.

glade : (m.) vanamagga. (nt.) araññaṅgaṇa.

gladiator : (m.) asikīḷaka; khaggasippī.

gladly : (adv.) sānandaṃ.

gladness : (f.) tuṭthi; santuṭṭhi. (m.) ānanda; āmoda; pamoda.

glair : (m.) setasilesa.

glamour : (f.) māyā. (nt.) vasīkaraṇa; atisobhanatta. (v.t.) moheti; vasikaroti. (pp.) mohita; vasīkata.

glance : (nt.) lesamattolokana. (m.) diṭṭhipāta. (v.i.) khippam oloketi. (v.t.) phusanākārena paharati. (pp.) khippam olokita; phusanākārena paharaṭa.

gland : (m.) maṃsagaṇṭhi; mudumaṃsapiṇḍa.

glandular : (adj.) maṃsapiṇḍākāra.

glare : (f.) atiditti; adhikapabhā. (nt.) kuddhapekkhana. (v.i.) pajjalati; sandippati; kodhena oloketi. (pp.) pajjalita; sanditta; kodhena olokita.

glaring : (adj.) daddallamāna; sampajjalita.

glaringly : (adv.) atiphuṭaṃ; supākaṭaṃ.

glass : (m.) kāca. (adj.) kācabhājana; kācamaya. (v.t.) kācapatthare yojeti.

glass ware : (nt.) kācabhaṇḍa.

glasslike : kācasadisa.

glassy : kācasadisa.

glaucoma : (m.) akkhi-kācaroga.

glaucous : (adj.) samuddavaṇṇa.

glaze : (m.) ujjalavaṇṇa. (v.t.) kācena ālimpeti; vaṇṇujjalaṃ karoti; kāce yojeti or ghaṭeti. (pp.) kācena ālitta; vaṇṇujjalaṃ līkata; yojitakāca.

glazier : (m.) kācayojaka.

glazing : (nt.) kācayojana. (f.) ujjalavaṇṇadhātu.

gleam : (f.) mandajuti. (v.i.) mandam ujjalati or vilasati. (pp.) mandam ujjalita; mandam vilasita.

gleamy : (adj.) mandappabha; calajjutika.

glean : (v.i.) uñchati; thokathokam uccināti. (pp.) uñchita; thokathokam uccinita.

gleaner : (m.) uñchaka.

gleanings : (f.) uñchā; bhikkhā. (m.) piṇḍapāta.

glee : see delight.

glen : (m.) kuñja. (nt.) avitthiṇṇasamatala.

glib : (adj.) turitavacana; asambādha; picchila.

glibly : (adv.) mukharatāya; picchilākārena; akkhalitaṃ.

glibness : (nt.) mukharatta.

glide : (nt.) saṃsappana. (v.i.) saṃsappati. (pp.) saṃsappita.

glide off : vinivaṭṭati.

gliding : (n.) saṃsappamāna.

glidingly : (adv.) saṃsappanākārena.

glimmer : (f.) mandappabhā. (v.i.) mandaṃ jalati. (pp.) mandaṃ jalita.

glimmering : (adj.) mandajutika.

glimpse : (f.) khaṇikadassana; avibhūta-diṭṭhi. (v.t.) avibhūtaṃ passati. (v.i.) khaṇamattaṃ dissati. (pp.) khaṇamattaṃ diṭṭha.

glint : (f.) khaṇikapabhā. (v.i.) sahasā jotati.

glissade : (v.i.) himapapāte sappati.

glisten : (f.) calajuti. (v.i.) khaṇe khaṇe jotati.

glistening : (adj.) samujjala; calajjutika.

glitter : (m.) pabhāsa. (v.i.) pabhāsati. (pp.) pabhāsita.

glittering : (adj.) bhāsamāna; ujjala.

gloaming : (m.) sañjhāloka.

gloat : (v.i.) ativiya tussati; lobhena oloketi. (pp.) atituṭṭha; lobhena olokita.

globe : (nt.) goḷa; maṇḍala; bhūgoḷa.

globular : (adj.) goḷakāra.

globule : (m.) goḷaka; bindu.

glomerate : (adj.) piṇḍībhūta. (v.t.) piṇḍīkaroti. (pp.) piṇḍīkata.

glomeration : (nt.) piṇḍīkaraṇa.

gloom : (nt.) timira; tama; domanassa. (f.) arati. (v.t.) timirenāvarati. (v.i.) ukkaṇṭhati. (pp.) timirāvuta; ukkaṇṭhita.

gloomily : (adv.) savisādaṃ; nippabhaṃ.

gloominess : (nt.) nippabhatta. (m.) visāda; kheda.

gloomy : (adj.) tamāvuta; ukkaṇṭhita.

glorification : (f.) guṇavaṇṇanā; pakittanā.

glorify : (v.t.) ukkaṃseti; vaṇṇeti. (pp.) ukkaṃsita; vaṇṇita.

gloriole : (nt.) pabhāmaṇḍala.

glorious : (adj.) kittimantu; yasavantu; sirindhara; mahānubhāva; vikhyāta.

gloriously : (adv.) pasatthākārena; mahānubhāvena.

glory : (f.) kitti; vissuti; siri; mahesakkhatā; sirivibhūti; saggasampatti. (m.) teja; patāpa; ānubhāva. (v.i.) accantaṃ modati; attanaṃ thometi or ukkaṃseti. (pp.) accantaṃ modita; attānaṃ thomita; attānaṃ ukkaṃsita || vain glory: (m.) ahaṅkāra. (nt.) vikatthana.

gloss : (f.) ṭīkā; ditti; juti. (nt.) atthavivaraṇa. (v.t.) vyākhāti; bāhirato sobheti.

glossal : (adj.) jivhāvisayaka; vacāvisayaka.

glossary : (nt.) gaṇṭhipadavivaraṇa.

glossator : (m.) ṭīkākāra.

glossiness : (f.) maṭṭhatā.

glossitis : (m.) jivhādāha.

glossographer : (m.) ṭīkākāra; ganṭhipadavivaraka.

glossography : (nt.) ṭīkākaraṇa.

glossologist : (m.) paribhāsāsampādaka.

glossology : (f.) paribhāsa.

glossy : (adj.) maṭṭha; siniddha; ujjala.

glottal : (adj.) kaṇṭhanāḷanissita.

glottis : (m.) kaṇṭhanāḷa.

glove : (m.) karatalacchada. (v.t.) karatalaṃ chādeti.

glow : (f.) ditti; juti. (m.) tāpa; dāha. (v.i.) dippati; jotati. (pp.) ditta; jotita.

glow worm : (m.) khajjopanaka.

glowing : (adj.) dippamāna; santatta; paditta.

glowingly : (adv.) sadāhaṃ; satāpaṃ.

gloze : (f.) upalālanā. (v.t.) upalāleti; vitthāreti. (pp.) upalālita; vitthārita.

glucose : (f.) muddikā-sakkharā.

glue : (m.; nt.) silesa; picchila. (v.t.) sileseti; laggāpeti. (pp.) silesita; laggāpita.

glum : (adj.) dummukha; anattamana.

glumaceous : (adj.) thusayutta.

glume : (m.) thusa; dhaññataca.

glumly : (adv.) asantuṭṭhiyā.

glumness : (nt.) domanassa.

glut : (nt.) atimattabhojana. (v.t.) ghasati; atimattaṃ bhuñjati. (pp.) ghasita; atimattaṃ bhutta.

gluten : (m.) niyyāsa.

glutinate : (v.t.) niyyāsena alliyāpeti. (pp.) niyyāsena alliyāpita.

gelatinise : (v.t.) niyyāsena alliyāpeti. (pp.) niyyāsena alliyāpita.

glamorously : (adv.) mahāravena; sanigghosaṃ.

glutinous : (adj.) lagganasīla.

glutton : (adj. m.) mahagghasa; odarika.

gluttonous : (adj.) mahagghasa; atilola.

gluttonously : (adv.) atilolākārena.

gluttony : (f.) mahābhakkhatā. (nt.) atibhakkhana.

glycerine : (m.) medasāra.

glycogenic : (adj.) tisūlaka.

glycosuria : (f.) mutte sakkharābahulatā.

glyptic : (adj.) kārusippāyatta.

glyptography : (nt.) maṇikārasippa.

gnarl : (m.) kukku; gaṇṭhi. (v.i.) ghuru-ghurāyati.

gnarled : (adj.) sakukkuka; gaṇṭhiyutta.

gnash : (nt.) dante ghaṃseti. (pp.) ghaṃsitadanta.

gnashing : (nt.) dantavidaṃsana.

gnat : (f.) vanamakkhikā.

gnathic : (adj.) hanusambandha.

gnaw : (v.t.) ḍasati; dantehi chindati. (pp.) daṭṭha; dantacchinna.

gneiss : (f.) kāḷasilā.

gnome : (f.) kārikā. (nt.) sutta. (m.) nidhipālaka-bhūta.

gnomic : (adj.) kārikāyutta.

gnomish : (adj.) pisācasadisa.

gnomon : (m.) chāyāmāṇakatthambha.

gnosis : (f.) paramatthavijjā.

gnostic : (adj.; m.) paramatthavidū.

gnosticism : (nt.) paramatthañāṇa.

go : (v.i.) gacchati; vajati; yāti; carati; pavattati. (pp.) gata; yāta; pavatita.

go about : anupariyāti.

go afar : (adj.) dūragāmī.

go against : abhiyāti; virujjhati.

go ahead : abhigacchati.

go along : paṭipajjati.

go ashore : tarati; uttarati.

go away : apakkamati.

go back : paṭikkamati.

go before : (adj.) pubbaṅgama.

go between : sandhīkaroti.

go beyond : atikkamati; ativatteti.

go by : anuyāti.

go down : ogacchati; atthaṅgacchati.

go forth : abhiyāti.

go forth from : abhinikkamati.

go in : pavisati.

go into : anupavisati.

go off : apasarati.

go on : pavattati.

go out : nikkhamati; niggacchati.

go over : upaparikkhati; laṅgheti; saṅkamati.

go round : anupariyāti.

go through : vindati; sevati; paṭipajjati; osāpeti; tiriyaṃ gacchati.

go to : upagacchati.

go to ruin : parābhavati; vinassati.

go up : uggacchati; udeti.

go up to : upagacchati.

go with : sahagacchati.

go without : viramati.

go wrong : virajjhati.

go-between : (m.) gahabaṅdhanayojaka.

goad : (m.) patoda. (nt.) pājana. (v.t.) codeti; uyyojeti. (pp.) codita; uyyojita.

goal : (nt.) abhimataṭṭhāna. (f.) paramaniṭṭhā.

goat : (m.) eḷaka; aja || she goat: (f.) ajī; eḷikā.

goat herd : m.) ajapāla.

goatish : (adj.) ajagandhī.

gobbet : (nt.) kabala. (m.) piṇḍa.

gobble : (v.t.) sīghaṃ or sasaddaṃ bhuñjati. (v.i.) kaṇṭhasaddaṃ pavatteti. (pp.) sīghaṃ or sasaddaṃ bhutta; pavattita kaṇṭhasaddaṃ.

goblet : (m.) āpānīya-kaṃsa.

goblin : (m.) pisāca.

god : (m.) deva; sura; amara; tidasa. (f.) devatā || City of the gods: (nt.) tidasapura; lord of the gods: (m.) devarāja; tidasinda.

god father : sāmayika-pitu.

god head : (nt.) devatta. (m.) devasabhāva.

goddess : (f.) accharā; devakaññā.

goddess of luck : lakkhī; sirī.

godless : (adj.) adevadiṭthika.

godlessness : (f.) adevadiṭṭhi.

godlike : (adj.) dhammika.

godliness : (f.) dhammikatā; devabhatti.

godown : (f.) bhaṇḍasālā.

godsend : (adj.) devadattiya.

godship : (nt.) devatta.

goer : (m.) gantu; gāmī.

goggle : (m.) valira; kekara. (v.i.) akkhīni bhameti. (pp.) bhamitakkhī.

goglet : (f.) kuṇḍikā.

going : (nt.) gamana. (f.) gati. (adj.) gacchanta.

going about : (m.) sañcāra.

going across : (nt.) taraṇa.

going ashore : (nt.) uttaraṇa.

going back : (nt.) paṭinivattana.

going downward : (adj.) adhogāmī.

going forward : (nt.) abhikkamana.

going on : (adj.) pavattamāna.

going out : (nt.) nikkhamana. (adj.) nikkhamanta.

going out to meet : (nt.) paccuggamana.

going over : (nt.) saṅkamana.

going over the limits : (nt.) sīmātikkamana.

going round : (nt.) parikkamana. (adj.) āvijjhamāna.

going to be : (adj.) bhāvī.

going upwards : (adj.) uddhaṅgama.

goitre : (m.) galagaṇḍaroga.

goitrous : (adj.) galagaṇḍī.

gold : (adj.) suvaṇṇa; kanaka; kañcana; hema; cāmīkara; jātarūpa.

gold bullion : (nt.) hirañña.

gold coin : (nt.) nikkha; neddha.

gold coloured : (adj.) hemavaṇṇa; harittaca; kanakappabha.

gold smith : (m.) heraññika; suvaṇṇakāra.

golden : (adj.) hemamaya; sovaṇṇa.

gone : (pp. of go) gata; pakkanta; yāta.

gone astray : (adj.) vibbhanta; maggamūḷha.

gone away : (adj.) apakkanta.

gone beyond : (adj.) apakkanta.

gone forth : (adj.) abhikkanta.

gone out : (adj.) nikkhanta.

gone over : (adj.) tiṇṇa; atikkanta.

gone wrong : (adj.) vyāpanna.

gong : (m.) kaṃsatāḷa.

goniometer : (nt.) koṇamāṇaka.

gonorrhoea : (m.) sukkadosa; sctabindumeha.

good : (adj.) sundara; bhaddaka; subha; kalyāṇa; sobhana; dhammika; susīla; hitakāma; adūsita; anappaka. (m.) attha; hita. (nt.) maṅgala; payojana; puñña; sucarita. (f.) samidhi. (intj.) sādhu! bhavatu! || as good as his word: yathāvādī tathākārī; in good time: yathākāle; makes good: paripūreti; tathattaṃ pakāseti; of good breeding: (adj.) kulīna; abhijāta; so good as: (adv.) anuggahapubbakaṃ; stands good: pahoti; patiṭṭhāti.

good action : (nt.) sucarita.

good breeding : (nt.) sosīlya; soracca.

good bye : sothi; subhaṃ bhavatu!.

good conditioned : (adj.) niroga; suṭṭhita.

good fellow : (m.) sappurisa.

good for nothing : (adj.) akammasīlī; payojanarahita.

good humour : (m.) cittappasāda; sabbhāva. (nt.) susīlatta; somanassa.

good humoured : (adj.) vivaṭacitta.

good manners : (m.) sadācāra; sosīlya. (nt.) vinītatta.

good morning : suppabhātaṃ !

good nature : (m.) sabbhāva.

good-looking : (adj.) surūpa; piyadassana.

goodly : (adj.) surūpa; piyadassana.

goodness : (f.) sādhutā; sundaratā; dhammikatā.

goods : (nt.) bhaṇḍajāta. (m.) vatthusamūha.

goodsense : (m.) suvinicchaya.

goodwill : (f.) hitakāmatā; anukūlatā.

goodwishes : (f.) subhāsiṃsanā.

goody : (f.) duggatamahallikā. (m.) khajjakavisesa. (adj.) anavatthānurūpa; tucchabhimānī.

goose : (m.) kalahaṃsa.

gorbelly : (m.) thūlodara.

gore : (nt.) nikkhanta-lohita. (v.t.) siṅgena or dāṭhāya vijjhati or āhanati. (pp.) siṅgena viddha; dāṭhāya āhata.

gorge : (m.) kaṇṭhanāḷa; gala; girigabbhara; duggamagga. (v.t.) bhakkhati; ghasati; gedhena bhuñjati. (pp.) bhakkhita; ghasta; gedhena bhutta.

gorgeous : (adj.) adhikavaṇṇa; nānāvaṇṇujjala.

gorgeously : (adv.) vaṇṇujjalatāya.

gorgeousness : (nt.) ujjalavaṇṇatta.

gorget : (nt.) haṇṭhatāṇa; gīveyya; vanitāmukhāvaraṇa. (f.) kaṇṭhabhūsā.

gorilla : (m.) mahāvānara.

gormandise : (f.) mahagghasatā. (v.i.) adhikaṃ bhuñjati. (pp.) adhikaṃ bhutta.

gormandizer : (m.) mahagghasa; amitabhojī.

gory : (adj.) lohitamakkhita.

gosling : (m.) haṃsapotaka.

gospel : (nt.) sādhucarita. (f.) sāmayikappavatti.

gossamer : (nt.) makkaṭajāla.

gossip : (f.) jappanā; janakathā. (m.) (person : ) jappaka; palāpī.

gossipy : (adj.) palapanasīla.

gossoon : (m.) māṇavaka.

got : (pp. of get) laddha.

got into : (adj.) pariyāpanna.

got near : (adj.) upasaṅkanta.

got out of : (adj.) nikkhanta; uttiṇṇa.

got up : (adj.) uṭṭhita.

got well : (adj.) suladdha.

gotdown : (adj.) oruḷha; otiṇṇa.

gouge : (nt.) paṇāli-nikkādana. (v.t.) nikhādanea chindati. (pp.) nikhādanena chinna.

gourd : (f.) tumbī; alābu; lābu.

gourmand : (adj.) bahubhakka.

gourmet : (m.) rasalola; pānarata.

gout : uātaratta.

gouty : (adj.) vātarattika.

govern : (v.t.) sāsati; paripāleti; dameti; vasam āneti. (v.i.) vidhānaṃ karoti; (pp.) sāsita; paripālita; damita; vasam ānīta; katavidhāna.

govern or general : (m.) rājapaṭinidhi.

governable : (adj.) vineyya; damma.

governance : (m.) pālanakkama. (nt.) pālana.

governess : (f.) puggalikācariyānī.

government : (nt.) rajjānusāsana; desapālana.

governor : (m.) pālaka; maṇḍalissara.

governorship : (nt.) ādhipacca; maṇḍalissaradhura.

gown : (nt.) vanitānivāsana; kaṭivattha.

grab : (nt.) ḍasitvā-gahaṇa. (v.t.) ḍasitvā or pasayha gaṇhāti. (pp.) pasayha gahita.

grabble : (v.i.) andho viya parāmasati; migo viya sappati.

grace : (f.) līlā; sobhā; dayā; karuṇā; khanti. (nt.) lāvañña. (m.) ānubhāva. (v.t.) sobheti; bhūseti. (pp.) sobhita; bhūsita.

graceful : (adj.) lalita; sundaravilāsa.

gracefully : (adv.) salīlaṃ; sasobhaṃ.

gracefulness : (nt.) kāruñña; salīlatta.

graceless : (adj.) nissirīka; virūpa; dubbaṇṇa; nillajja; durācāra.

gracious : (adj.) sadaya; sānubhāva; susīla.

graciously : (adv.) sānukampaṃ.

gradate : (v.t.) anukkamena yojeti. (v.i.) paṭipāṭim anugacchati. (pp.) anukkamena yojita; paṭipāṭim anugata.

gradation : (m.) anukkama. (f.) paṭipāṭi.

gradatory : (adj.) kamānurūpa; yathākkama.

grade : (m.) vagga; anukkama. (f.) vaggapaṭipāṭi. (v.t.) vaggīkaroti. (pp.) vaggīkkata.

gradely : (adj.) atisunkara; avitatha.

gradient : (nt.) anupubbapoṇtta.

gradual : (adj.) anukkamika; ānupubbika.

gradually : (adv.) anukkamena; anupubbena.

graduate : (m.) upādhidhārī. (v.t.) upādhiṃ deti; māṇarekkāhi aṅketi; (v.i.) upādhiṃ labhati. (pp.) laddhopādhī; māṇarekhāhi aṅkita.

graduation : (nt.) vaggīkaraṇa; māṇarekhaṅkana. (m.) upādhilābha.

graft : (nt.) aṅkura. (v.t.) aṅkurāni sampayojeti. (pp.) sampayojitaṅkura.

grain : (nt.) dhaññā; sassa; bīja; goḷaka. (m.) (in weighing : ) dhaññamāsa.

grain fried : (m.) puthuka; lāja.

grain husk : (m.) thusa.

gram : (m.) caṇaka; māṇavisesa.

graminaceous : (adj.) tiṇasadisa; tiṇabahula.

gramineous : (adj.) tiṇasadisa; tiṇabahula.

graminivorous : (adj.) tiṇabhakkha.

grammar : (nt.) vyākaraṇa; saddasattha.

grammarian : (m.) veyyākaraṇika; vyākaraṇasampādaka.

grammatical : (adj.) vyākaraṇāyatta; vyakaraṇānukūla.

grammatically : (adv.) vyākaraṇānurūpena.

gramme : (m.) nāṇavisesa.

gramophone : (nt.) saddavāhakayanta.

granary : (m.) dhaññakoṭṭhaka. (nt.) koṭṭhāgāra.

grand : (adj.) mahanta; cisāla; tumula; uttama; mukhya; agga; mahānubhāvā.

grandchild : (m.) paputta; nattu.

granddaughter : (f.) paputtī.

grandee : (m.) mahākulaja.

grandeur : (nt.) mahatta; uḷāratta. (m.) patāpa.

grandfather : (m.) ayyaka; pitāmaha.

grandiloquence : (f.) atisayutti.

grandiloquent : (m.) gabbitavāca.

grandiose : (m.) mahattadassaka; attukkaṃsaka.

grandly : (adv.) mahānubhāvena.

grandmother : (f.) ayyikā.

grandness : (nt.) mahatta; uttamatta.

grandson : (m.) nattu; paputta.

grange : (m.) kassakaghara.

graniferous : (adj.) dhaññuppādaka.

granite : (m.) meghapāsāṇa.

granivorous : (adj.) dhaññakhādaka.

granny : (f.) ayyikā.

grant : (f.) dānapaṭiññā. (nt.) varadāna; adhikāradāna. (v.t.) anuppadāti; anumaññati. (pp.) anuppadinna; anumata.

grantee : (m.) paṭiggāhaka.

grantor : (m.) anuppadāhaka || royal grantor: (m.) rājadāya.

granular : (adj.) dhaññasadisa.

granulate : (v.t.) dhaññabījasamaṃ karoti. (v.i.) dhaññabījasamo hoti.

granule : (nt.) dhaññabīja.

grape : (nt.) muddikāphala.

grapery : (m.) muddikārāma.

grapevine : (f.) muddikālatā.

graph : (m.) pamāṇālekha.

graphical : (adj.) suniddiṭṭha; sucittita; yathābhūtajotaka.

graphite : (nt.) abbhaka.

graphology : (nt.) akkharehi caritanirūpana.

grapnel : (m.) nāvā-gāhakaṅkusa.

grapple : (nt.) kakkaṭayanta; bāhuyuddha. (m.) kaḷhagāha. (v.t.) gaḷhaṃ gaṇhāti. (v.i.) (-with) yujjhati. (pp.) gaḷhaṃ gahita; yujjhita.

grasp : (m.) daḷhagāha; parāmāsa. (nt.) upādāna. (v.t.) upādāti; āmasati; sammasati. (pp.) upādinna; āmaṭṭha; sammasita or sammaṭṭha.

grasping : (m.) paṭivedha. (nt.) bujjhana.

grass : (nt.) tiṇa. (f.) tiṇagumba || mat of grass: (m.) tiṇasanthara; mattress of grass: (f.) tiṇabhisi.

grass clump : (m.) tiṇagumba.

grass eating : (adj.) tiṇabhakkha.

grasshopper : (m.) salabha; paṭaṅga.

grassy : (adj.) tiṇachanna.

grassy land : (m.) saddala.

grate : (nt.) ayosalakāvaraṇa. (v.t.) kakkasākārena ghaṃseti; ghaṃsetvā kaṇe pāteti. (pp.) kakkasākārena ghaṃsita; pātitakaṇa.

grateful : (adj.) kataññū; katavedī; ramanīya; sukhāvaha.

gratefully : (adv.) kataññutāya.

gratefulness : (f.) kataññutā.

gratification : (nt.) paritosana; pasādana. (f.) ārādhanā; saṃsiddhi.

gratify : (v.t.) toseti; rameti; pamodeti; pasādeti. (pp.) tosita; ramita; pamodita; pasādita.

gratis : (adv.) nukhā; vināmūlaṃ.

gratitude : (f.) katavekitā.

gratuitous : (adj.) mudhā dinna; nimmūlaka; ahituka.

gratuitously : (adv.) nimmūlena.

gratuity : see gift.

gratulate : see congratulate.

grave : (m.) chavāvāṭa. (f.) susānabhūmi. (v.t.) see engrave. (adj.) garuka; bhāriya.

grave action : (nt.) bhāriyakamma.

grave offence : (m.) thullaccaya; mahāpātaka.

gravel : (f.) sakkharā; (disease : ) asmarī. (m.) muttakicchābādha. (v.t.) sakkharā attharati. (pp.) atthatasakkhara.

gravely : (adv.) garutāya. (adj.) sakkharābahula.

graveness : (nt.) bhāriyatta.

gravestone : (m.) thūpatthambha.

graveyard : (nt.) susāna.

gravid : (adj.) gabbhinī. (f.) āpannasattā.

gravitate : (v.i.) ākaḍḍhīyati. (pp.) ākaḍḍhita.

gravitation : (nt.) ākaḍḍhana.

gravity : (m.) bhāra; gārava. (nt.) dhīratta. (f.) ākaḍḍhakasatti.

Gravula Religiosa : (f.) sārikā.

gravy : (m.) maṃsasāra.

gray : (adj.) dhūsara.

gray hair : (nt.) palita.

graze : (nt.) īsaṃghaṃsana. (v.t.) tiṇaṃ khādati; īsakaṃ ghaṭṭeti. (pp.) khāditatiṇa; īsakaṃ ghaṭṭita.

grazier : (m.) gavavāṇija.

grazing : (nt.) tiṇabhakkhaṇa; īsaṃghaṭṭana.

grazing ground : (nt.) gocaraṭṭhāna. (f.) tiṇabhūmi.

grease : (f.) vasā. (m.) meda. (v.t.) vasāya lepeti. (pp.) vasālitta.

greasy : (adj.) vasāyutta; medabahula.

great : (adj.) mahanta; visāla; tumula; vipula; uru; uttama; seṭṭha; parama.

great being : (m.) mahāsatta.

great eminence : (nt.) accunnatatta.

great flood : (m.) mahogha.

great grandfather : (m.) payaka; papitāmaha.

great grandmother : (f.) payyikā.

great grandson : (m.) panattu.

great in number : pacura; bahula.

great leader : (m.) vināyaka.

great man : (m.) mahāpurisa.

great mass : (m.) khandha.

great toe : (m.) pādaṅguṭṭha.

greaten : (v.t.) vaḍḍhāpeti.

greater : (adj.) mahantatara.

greatly : (adv.) ativiya; bahuso.

greatness : (nt.) mahatta; uḷāratta; seṭṭhatta.

greatsage : (m.) mahesi.

greatseer : (m.) mahesi.

greed : (m.) lobha; gedha. (f.) giddhi. (nt.) gijjhana || excessive greed: (f.) atricchā.

greedily : (adv.) giddhākārena; makicchatāya.

greediness : (nt.) loluppa; mahicchatta.

greedless : (adj.) appiccha; nittaṇha.

greedy : (adj.) luddha; giddha; lolupa.

Greek : (adj.) yonakadesāyatta.

green : (m.) baritavaṇṇa. (nt.) saddalaṭṭhāna. (adj.) (colour : ) harita; (fresh : ) alla; nava; amilāta; (inexperienced : ) aparicita; asanthuta.

greenginger : (nt.) siṅgivera.

greengrocer : (m.) paṇṇika.

greenhorn : (m.) sukhavañciya.

greenish : (adj.) īsaṃharita.

greenness : (nt.) haritatta; amilātatta.

greenpea : (m.) mugga.

greet : (v.t.) subham āsiṃsati; sādaraṃ sampaṭicchati. (v.i.) (aññamaññam) abhinandati. (pp.) āsiṭṭhasubha; sādaraṃ sampaṭicchita; abhinandita.

greeting : (nt.) abhinandana; subhāsuṃsana.

gregarious : (adj.) gaṇabaddha; samūhacārī.

gregariousness : (f.) gaṇabaddhatā.

grenade : (nt.) hatthakhittaphuṭaka.

grenadier : (m.) hatthaphuṭakakkhipa; aṅgarakkhagaṇa.

grey : see gray.

greybeard : (adj.) mahallaka.

greyness : (nt.) palitatta; dhūsaratta.

greyness of hair : (nt.) pālicca.

grid : (nt.) lohasalākāvaraṇa.

griddle : (f.) pūvabhajjakathāli.

gride : (m.) ghaṃsanasadda. (v.i.) (sodhetuṃ) ghaṃseti or nipiṃseti. (pp.) ghaṃsita; nipiṃsita

grief : (m.) soka; kheda; ubbega || overcome with grief: (adj.) sokapareta; freed from grief: (adj.) vītasoka.

grievance : (m.) pīḷāhetu. (nt.) khedakāraṇa.

grieve : (v.i.) socati; khijjati; ubbijjati. (v.t.) santāpeti; socāpeti. (pp.) socita; khinna; ubbigga; santāpita; socāpita.

grievingly : (adv.) sasokaṃ; sakhedaṃ.

grievous : (adj.) pīḷājanaka; socanīya; garuka; bhāriya.

grievously : (adv.) bhāriyākārena.

grill : (nt.) bhaṭṭhamaṃsa. (v.t.) bhajjati. (pp.) bhaṭṭha.

grim : (adj.) vikaṭa; bhīma; bhīmadassana; ghorākāra.

grimace : (m.) mukhavikāra.

grimalkin : (f.) vuddhabiḷālī; appiyamahallikā.

grime : (m.) nicitamasi. (v.t.) malinīkaroti. (pp.) malinīkata.

grimfaced : (adj.) caṇḍamukha; dummukha.

grimly : (adv.) ghorākārena.

grimness : (nt.) ghoratta; virūpatta.

grimy : (adj.) malina.

grin : (nt.) dantavikasana. (v.i.) dante vidaṃseti. (pp.) sitadanta.

grind : (v.t.) piṃsati; saṇheti; cuṇṇeti. (pp.) piṃsita; saṇhita; cuṇṇita.

grinder : (m.) piṃsaka. (nt.) saṇhakara-yanta.

grinding : (nt.) piṃsana; saṇhakaraṇa.

grindstone : (m.) nisada. (f.) saṇhakaraṇī.

grinner : (m.) dantavidaṃsaka.

grip : (m.) daḷhagāha. (v.t.) daḷhaṃ gaṇhāti. (pp.) daḷhagahita.

gripe : (nt.) udarasūla; uppīḷana. (v.t.) hatthena uppīḷeti; udarasūlaṃ janeti. (pp.) hatthena uppīḷita; janitūdarasūla.

griper : (m.) uppīḷaka; gāhaka.

gripper : (m.) daḷhagālī.

grisly : (adj.) bhīma; ghoratara.

grist : (nt.) piṃsita or piṃsitabbadhañña.

grit : (f.) sukhumavālikā; dhiti. (v.t.) ghaṃsanasaddam uppādeti. (v.i.) ghaṃsanasaddena calati.

gritty : (adj.) vālukābahula.

grizzled : (adj.) palitakesa.

grizzly : (adj.) dhūsara.

grizzly bear : (m.) mahāaccha.

groan : (nt.) nitthunana. (m.) aṭṭassara. (v.i.) nitthunāti; anutthunāti.

groaning : (adj.) nitthunanta.

grocer : (m.) kaṭukabhaṇḍādivikkayī.

grocery : (m.) kaṭukabhaṇḍādi.

groggy : (adj.) aurāmatta; vedhamāna.

groin : (nt.) ūrumūla. (m.) ūrusandhi; vhittisandhi.

groom : (m.) paricāraka; sevaka; assagopaka. (v.t.) assegopeti.

groove : (nt.) dīghasusira; paviddhakuhara. (v.t.) pavijjhati; vinivijjhati. (pp.) paviddha; vinividdha.

grope : (v.i.) andho viya gavesati.

gross : (m.) padhānaṃsa. (nt.) dvādasakānaṃ dvādasaka. (adj.) thūla; thulla; oḷārika; gamma; nīca; asabbha; nindiya; adhikatara; niravascsa.

grossheaded : (adj.) muṭṭhassatī.

grossly : (adv.) sākallena; thūlākārena; accantaṃ.

grossness : (nt.) thūlatta; adhikatta.

grossweight : (m.) niravasesabhāra.

grotesque : (adj.) virūpa; vilakkhaṇa.

grotesquely : (adv.) virūpākārena.

grotesqueness : (f.) vikaṭatā.

grotto : (f.) kittimaguhā.

ground : (f.) bhūmi; chamā; ptiṭthā. (nt.) thala; mūlakāraṇa. (m.) ādhāra; (in paintig : ) mūlavaṇṇālepa; cittādhāra. (v.t.) paṭhamam ārabhati. (v.i.) thale āhanīyati. (pp.) paṭhamāraddha; thalāhata || loses ground: parihāyati; osakkati; surface of the ground: (nt.) bhūtala; breaks ground: paṭhamārambhaṃ karoti; falls to the ground: vinassati; paripatati.

ground floor : (nt.) heṭṭhimatala.

groundage : (m.) nāvātitthabali.

grounding : (nt.) bhūmisaṅkharaṇa; patiṭṭhāpana.

groundless : (adj.) amūlaka; nirālamba; ahetuka.

groundlessly : (adv.) ahetukaṃ; amūlakaṃ.

groundlessness : (nt.) patiṭṭārahitatta.

groundsel : (m.) ummāra.

groundwork : (nt.) pādaka-kamma.

group : (m.) samūha; gaṇa; vagga; nikāya. (v.t.) samūheti; gaṇīkaroti; vaggavasena ṭhapeti. (pp.) samūhita; gaṇīkata; vaggavasena ṭhapita || belonging to a group: (adj.) vaggiya.

grouping : (nt.) vaggīkaraṇa; gaṇabandhana.

grouse : (v.i.) ghuru-ghurāyati; ujjhāyati. (pp.) ghuru-ghurāyita.

grout : (v.t.) mukhatuṇḍena khaṇati. (pp.) mukhatuṇḍena khata.

grove : (m.) vanasaṇḍa. (nt.) tarugahaṇa; upavana.

grovel : (v.i.) bhūmiyaṃ avattharati; nipaccakāraṃ dasseti. (pp.) bhūmuyaṃ avatthata; nipacakāraṃ dassitani.

groveller : (m.) nīcavuttika.

grow : (v.i.) vaḍḍhati; abhivaḍḍhati; virūhati. (v.t.) vaḍḍheti; virūheti; bharati; poseti. (pp.) vuddha; abhivuddha; virūḷha; vaḍḍhita; virūhita; bhata; posita.

grow again : paṭivirūhati.

grow from a seed : (adj.) phalaruha.

grow strong : (adj.) balappatta.

grower : (m.) vaḍḍhaka; ropetu.

growing : (adj.) vaḍḍhamāna.

growl : (v.i.) guggurāyati. (nt.) guggurāyana.

grown : (pp.) of grow.

grown long : (adj.) parūḷha.

growth : (f.) vaḍḍhi; virūḷhi. (nt.) vaḍḍhana.

grub : (m.) kosakimi. (v.t.) paṃsuṃ viyūheti; mūlāniuddharati. (pp.) paṃsuṃ viyūhita; uddhaṭamūla.

grub by : (adj.) kimisaṅkiṇṇā; malina.

grudge : (f.) issā; usūyā. (m.) viddesa. (v.i.) usūyati. (v.t.) anicchāya deti. (pp.) dinna.

grudgingly : (adv.) samaccheraṃ.

gruel : (f.) yāgu. (v.t.) hiṃsati.

gruelling : (adj.) āyāsakara.

gruesome : (adj.) jeguccha; paṭikkūla; bhayajanaka.

gruff : (adj.) kakkasa; pharusa.

grumble : (nt.) ujjhāyana; nitthunana. (v.i.) khīyati; ujjjhāyati.

grumbling : (nt.) khīyana; ujjhāyana.

grume : (nt.) ghanībhūtalohita. (f.) siṅghānikā.

grumeous : (adj.) piṇḍībhūta.

grumpish : (adj.) dosabahula; asantuṭṭha.

grumpy : (adj.) dosabahula; asantuṭṭha.

grunt : (m.) sūkarava. (v.i.) sūkararavaṃ ravati.

grunter : (m.) sūkara.

guana : (f.) godhā.

guarantee : (m.) pāṭibhoga; paṭiññābandha. (v.t.) pāṭibhogo hoti; saccakāraṃ ṭhapeti. (pp.) pāṭibhogabhūta; ṭhapitasaccakāra.

guard : (f.) ārakkhā; gutti. (m.) rakkhaka; pālaka; gopaka; anurakkhī; pāletu. (v.t.) rakkhati; gopeti; pāleti; tāyati. (pp.) rakkhita; gopita; pālita; tāyita || life guard: (m.) aṇīkaṭṭha; aṅgarakkhī; rear guard: (f.) pacchimasenā; vanguard: (f.) pamukhasenā. (nt.) senāmukha. (f.) pamukhārakkhā.

guardian : (m.) āpādaka; ārakkhaka.

guardian-ship : pālakadhura.

guarding : (nt.) anurakkhana.

guerdon : (nt.) phala. (m.) vipāka. (v.t.) vipākaṃ deti. (pp.) dinnavipāka.

guerrilla : (nt.) nilīnayuddha.

guess : (nt.) anumāna. (f.) parikappanā. (v.i.t.) ūhati; takketi; anumāneti. (pp.) ūhita; takkita; anumānita.

guest : (m.) atithi; āgantuka; abbhāgata.

guestrite : (nt.) ātitheyya.

guffaw : (m.) aṭṭahāsa. (v.i.) uccāsaddena hasati.

guidance : (nt.) magguddisana; upadesadāna.

guide : (m.) maggadesaka; netu. (v.t.) maggaṃ dasseti; upadisati; anusāsati. (pp.) dassitamagga; upadiṭṭha; anusiṭtha.

guidepost : (m.) maggadassakatthambha.

guild : (m.) seṇī; gaṇa.

guild hall : (m.) pūgāvāsa. (nt.) seṇighara.

guild master : (m.) seṇiya; satthavāha.

guile : (f.) māyā; nikati. (nt.) sāṭheyya.

guileful : (adj.) nikatika; māyāvī.

guileless : (adj.) asaṭha; amāyāvī.

guilelessly : (adv.) asaṭhena.

guillotine : (nt.) sīsacchedakayanta; antokantakasalla. (v.t.) yantena (sīsaṃ) chindati. (pp.) chinnasīsa.

guilt : (m.) aparādha. (nt.) pāpakamma.

guiltily : (adv.) sāparādhaṃ.

guiltless : (adj.) niddosa; niraparādha.

guiltlessly : (adv.) anavajjākārena.

guilty : (adj.) sāvajja; katapāpa.

guise : (m.) vesa; ākāra.

guitar : (f.) vallakī-vīṇā.

gulden : (nt.) suvaṇṇa-nikka.

gulf : (m.) samuddavaṅka; salilabbhama. (nt.) mahāvivara. (v.t.) ajjhottharati. (pp.) ajjhotthaṭa.

gull : (m.) jalakukkuṭa. (f.) nikati. (nt.) sāṭheyya. (v.t.) vañceti. (pp.) vañcita.

gullet : (m.) kaṇṭhanāḷa.

gullible : (adj.) sukhavañciya.

gully : (f.) gambhīra-parikhā. (nt.) govikattana. (v.t.) parikhākhaṇati. (pp.) khataparikha.

gulosity : (f.) mahagghasatā; rasagiddhatā.

gulp : (nt.) gilana. (m.) mahāālopa. (v.t.) sahasā bhakkhati; gilati. (pp.) sahasā bhakkhita; gilita.

gum : (nt.) dantamaṃsa. (m.) niyyāsa; silesa.

gummy : (adj.) picchila; niyyāsayutta.

gumption : (nt.) visāradatta.

gun : (f.) aggināḷī. (nt.) nālīyanta.

gun powder : (nt.) aggināḷīcuṇṇa.

gunner : (m.) nāḷīyantadhara.

gunny : (nt.) sāṇa. (m.) sāṇapasibbaka.

gurgle : (nt.) gaggadāyana. (v.i.) gaggadāyati.

gurgling : (nt.) galagalāyana.

gush : (nt.) balavasandana; vegena nissaraṇa. (m.) dhārānipāta. (v.i.) vegena sandati. (pp.) vegena sandita.

gust : (m.) pabalavāyu; caṇḍānila. (f.) āhāraruci.

gustable : (adj.) rucikara.

gustative : (adj.) rucijanaka.

gustatory : (adj.) rucijanaka.

gustful : (adj.) sarasa; madhura.

gustless : (adj.) virasa.

gusto : (f.) abhiruci.

gusty : (adj.) pabala-vāyusahita.

gut : (f.) antavaṭṭi. (v.t.) antāni nīharati; sabbassam apaharati. (pp.) nīhaṭanta; apahaṭasabbassa.

guttae : (f.) bindupanti.

gutter : (m.) jalaniggama. (f.) paṇāḷī. (v.t.) paṇāḷiṃ vivarati. (v.i.) abhisandati. (pp.) vivaṭapaṇāḷa; abhisandita.

guttural : (adj. n.) kaṇṭhaja.

gutturalize : (v.t.) kaṇṭhaṭṭhaṃ karoti.

guy : (f.) upatthambhakarajju. (m.) visūkavesagāhī. (v.t.) avahasati; patirūpakaṃ dasseti.

guzzle : (v.i.t.) atimattaṃ pibati or ghasati. (pp.) atimattapīta.

gymkhana : (f.) mallakīḷābhūmi.

gymnasium : (f.) vāyāmabhūmi. (nt.) keḷimaṇḍala.

gymnast : (m.) mallayodha.

gymnastic : (adj.) kāyabalāyatta.

gymnastics : (f.; plu.) mallakīḷā.

gymnosophist : (m.) digambara; nibbasana.

gynaeceum : (m.) orodha. (nt.) itthāgāra.

gypsy : (m.) abaddhavāsa; ahituṇḍika.

gyrate : (adj.) valayehi racita; sappabhogākāra. (v.i.) maṇḍalākārena or addhamaṇḍalakārena gacchati.

gyration : (nt.) paribbhamaṇa.

gyve : (f.) saṅkhalikā. (v.t.) saṅkhalikāhi bandhati. (pp.) saṅkhalikā baddha.

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